Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
09PRETORIA2266
2009-11-05 16:45:00
CONFIDENTIAL
Embassy Pretoria
Cable title:  

ANC GOES FAR, PERHAPS TOO FAR, IN ASSISTING

Tags:  PGOV PREL KDEM SF 
pdf how-to read a cable
VZCZCXRO0170
PP RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHMR RUEHPA RUEHRN RUEHTRO
DE RUEHSA #2266/01 3091645
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 051645Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY PRETORIA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0112
INFO RUEHTO/AMEMBASSY MAPUTO PRIORITY 6158
RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE
RUEHTN/AMCONSUL CAPE TOWN 7297
RUEHDU/AMCONSUL DURBAN 1376
RUEHJO/AMCONSUL JOHANNESBURG 9657
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 PRETORIA 002266 

SIPDIS

STATE PASS TO NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR MICHELLE GAVIN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/03/2019
TAGS: PGOV PREL KDEM SF
SUBJECT: ANC GOES FAR, PERHAPS TOO FAR, IN ASSISTING
MOZAMBIQUE'S VOTING

PRETORIA 00002266 001.2 OF 002


Classified By: Political Counselor Walter N.S. Pflaumer for reasons 1.4
(b) and (d).

- - - -
Summary
- - - -

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 PRETORIA 002266

SIPDIS

STATE PASS TO NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR MICHELLE GAVIN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/03/2019
TAGS: PGOV PREL KDEM SF
SUBJECT: ANC GOES FAR, PERHAPS TOO FAR, IN ASSISTING
MOZAMBIQUE'S VOTING

PRETORIA 00002266 001.2 OF 002


Classified By: Political Counselor Walter N.S. Pflaumer for reasons 1.4
(b) and (d).

- - - -
Summary
- - - -


1. (SBU) The African National Congress (ANC) made special
arrangements for Mozambican citizens living in the South
African provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces to vote
in Mozambique's elections on October 28. ANC members --
unaffiliated with South Africa's Independent Electoral
Commission (IEC) and without assistance from the ANC's
headquarters -- assisted in setting up five voting stations
in Giyani, Phalaborwa, Musina, Nelspruit (Mbombela) and
Lydernburg. In Giyani, roughly 7,000 Mozambicans voted in a
nearby school Thanda Bantu Primary School. The ANC's effort
to allow Mozambicans to vote demonstrates the party's
commitment to liberation parties in the region -- even if
such engagement runs counter to some of South Africa's own
democratic principles. End Summary.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
A Trip to "Little Mozambique"
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2. (SBU) Poloff visited Giyani, north of Limpopo, on October
28-29. More than 10,000 Mozambicans have settled in this
area near Kruger National Park, which is known to locals as
"little Mozambique." According to the Greater Giyani
Municipal Manger David Mabunda, the area was once a squatter
camp established in 1995 by Mozambicans coming into Limpopo
through Kruger National Park. He said the area initially had
less than 1,000 families but has grown over the years. The
Greater Giyani municipality does not know how many
Mozambicans occupy the area now -- 10,000 is the estimate --
as the municipality lost count in 2002, but he believes the
special election facilitated by the ANC will help determine
numbers of people in the area. Mabunda told Poloff that
Mozambicans are "more than welcome" in the area and they
receive basic municipal services such as water and
electricity as a sign of "brotherhood."

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
ANC Lends a Hand in Elections Run-Up . . .
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


3. (SBU) The ANC's provincial officials spent five days
preparing for Mozambique's elections on October 28, according
to ANC Provincial Secretary Joe Maswanganyi. (Note:
Mozambicans were legally allowed to vote in the elections in
both South Africa and Zimbabwe, according to multiple press
reports. End Note.) The ANC Youth League in Limpopo
organized and led the Liberation Front for Mozambique's
(FRELIMO) election campaign in the area. Maswanganyi told
Poloff the Youth League "worked hard to ensure a successful
campaign for FRELIMO" in South Africa. The Youth League went
so far as to print and distribute FRELIMO t-shirts. He told
Poloff that ANC members conducted door-to-door campaigns
throughout the week, and Home Affairs assisted in issuing
identity documents to Mozambican voters so they could vote.
Maswanganyi related to Poloff that FRELIMO's campaign in
South Africa was successful and they expected all Block-D
residents to vote for Mozambican President Armando Guebuza.
When asked why the ANC would play such an instrumental role
in neighboring Mozambique's elections, Maswanganyi said
"FRELIMO is our brother party and they needed our help to
stay in power."
Qstay in power."

- - - - - - - - - - - -
. . . And on Voting Day
- - - - - - - - - - - -


4. (SBU) The ANC's provincial officials also ensured that
voting ran smoothly in Giyani on the day of the vote.
According to ANC facilitators, more than 7,000 people voted.
Poloff witnessed few problems at the polling station in
Giyani, the biggest challenge being the late arrival of
ballot papers. Ballot papers only reached Giyani at midday,
which led to extended voting hours until midnight. 11,000
ballot papers were delivered to the area from Mpumalanga.
(Note: Poloffs in Maputo said the consensus there is that

PRETORIA 00002266 002.2 OF 002


polling stations outside of Mozambique probably were not
observed by the international community. End Note.) Some of
the voters Poloff spoke to said they were excited to have an
opportunity to vote for Guebuza and FRELIMO.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Luthuli House, IEC Had Limited Knowledge of ANC Efforts
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5. (C) The effort led by provincial officials and the ANC
Youth League seems to have come without extensive input from
either the ANC's headquarters at Luthuli House in
Johannesburg or the country's independent and widely
respected IEC. Poloff spoke with a contact in the
international affairs section at Luthuli House on November 2,
who said the ANC "knew Mozambican elections were taking place
but had no details about the process." The ANC contact said
Luthuli House was aware that the ANC provincial members were
helping FRELIMO. The contact said that in April a team came
over from Mozambique to begin voter education and the ANC
assumed that the team would run the polls. Poloffs, however,
saw ANC local officials primarily in charge of the polls on
election day. Poloffs made several telephone calls to IEC
officials in Limpopo and at the national office on November 2
about whether the Commission had officials working as
observers or facilitators. IEC office managers in Giyani and
Phalaborwa both said they had no knowledge of the vote and
"were not involved" in the planning process or on elections
day.

- - - -
Comment
- - - -


6. (C) The ANC's effort to facilitate voting for Mozambicans
underscores the strength of the ruling party's ties to
parties based on liberation movements in the region.
President Jacob Zuma and the ANC renamed the Foreign Affairs
ministry the Department for International Relations and
Cooperation in part to highlight the party's friendship with
groups such as FRELIMO and Namibia's Southwest Africa
People's Organization. It is nonetheless disturbing to see a
political party which prides itself on its own internal
democratic structures, and which has sought to adhere
scrupulously to democratic electoral practices in South
African elections, acting in such an undemocratic fashion and
in support of such an undemocratic political party as
FRELIMO. Having the ANC both campaign for FRELIMO, then
assume the role of electoral presiding officer, is an
obviously undemocratic practice which harms both the ANC's
reputation and its own internal democratic culture. It may
be beneficial now to South Africa's relations with a
FRELIMO-run Mozambique, but there could certainly be
consequences down the road. End comment.
GIPS