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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
05NEWDELHI9820
2005-12-30 10:21:00
UNCLASSIFIED
Embassy New Delhi
Cable title:  

BIOS OF INDIAN CYBERSECURITY EXPERTS

Tags:   PGOV  PINR  KCIP  TINT  PTER  KIPR  MCAP  KCRM  ECPS 
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						UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 09 NEW DELHI 009820 

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR INR/B
STATE FOR PM ERUSSELL, MMARKOFF

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PINR KCIP TINT PTER KIPR MCAP KCRM ECPS
IN
SUBJECT: BIOS OF INDIAN CYBERSECURITY EXPERTS

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 09 NEW DELHI 009820

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR INR/B
STATE FOR PM ERUSSELL, MMARKOFF

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PINR KCIP TINT PTER KIPR MCAP KCRM ECPS
IN
SUBJECT: BIOS OF INDIAN CYBERSECURITY EXPERTS


1. Summary: This cable includes biographic notes of 13 GOI
and Indian private sector cybersecurity interlocutors. These
biographies are derived primarily from their resumes, and all
below information is in the public domain. End Summary.


R. Chandrashekhar
--------------


2. Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
Joint Secretary (e-Governance) R. Chandrashekhar joined the
GOI in 1975 as a member of the prestigious Indian
Administrative Service (IAS or civil service). He has held a
wide variety of assignments, both at the federal level and in
the Andhra Pradesh State Government. Chandrashekhar was
employed by the Ministry of Commerce in 1992-96 during the
early phase of India,s economic liberalization. In July
1996, he was named Chief Managing Director of the Andhra
Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation.
Chandrashekhar established India,s first state-level
Department of Information Technology and received the
additional charge of Secretary for the Department of
Information Technology from June 1997 to December 1999. In
his current position, he is responsible for India,s national
policy on e-governance. Chandrashekhar received a Master of
Science in Chemistry from Indian Institute of Technology
(IIT)/Bombay and a Master of Science in Computer Science from
Pennsylvania State University.

Ashok Dohare
--------------


3. Ashok Dohare, Inspector General of Police (Madhya
Pradesh), joined the Madhya Pradesh cadre of the Indian
Police Service (IPS) in 1985. He presently heads the
investigation wing of Madhya Pradesh State Human Rights
Commission. Dohare was promoted to the rank of Deputy
Inspector General of Police in December 1998. He was then
Deputy Inspector General of the Police Crime Investigation

Department at Bhopal Police Headquarters prior to joining the
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (SVP) National Police Academy in
April 2000, as Deputy Director; he served there for over four
years. Dohare was the coordinator for an information
technology course and supervised the Academy,s research
wing. He earned a Master of Science in Mechanical
Engineering from the Indian Institute of Sciences
(IIS)/Bangalore, and he was a research scholar at IIT/Delhi
prior to joining the IPS.


4. Dohare authored a book "Manual for Investigation of
Computer Related Crime" (2003), and has published research
papers on cyber-crime in various journals. He was chief
investigator for a research project entitled "Identification
of Appropriate Technologies and Procedures for Handling and
Analyzing Digital Evidence," which was funded by the
Department of Information Technology (DIT); senior expert
member of the project review and steering committee for a
DIT-funded research project entitled "Development of Digital
Evidence Recovery and Analysis Tools," conducted by the
Electronics Research and Development Centre in Trivandrum
(Kerala); and senior expert member of a project review and
steering committee for a DIT-funded research project entitled
"Development of Isolating Tools for Steganograpic Images,"

NEW DELHI 00009820 002 OF 009


which was conducted by the Electronics Research and
Development Centre (Calcutta). Dohare worked on a project
entitled "Identification of Appropriate Technologies and
Procedures for Handling and Analyzing Digital Evidence" at
the SVP National Police Academy. He was also awarded the
following honors:

-- Senior Science Talent Search Scholarship by the National
Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) (1977)

-- Bhubanananda Misra Memorial Trophy for being the
second-best all-around student in his IPS batch (1987)

-- Recipient of the India Cup for Proficiency in Police
Sciences (1987)

-- Indian Police Medal for Meritorious Services (January 26,
2002)

-- Director SVP National Police Academy Commendation Disc
(2002)

Pavan Duggal
--------------


5. Pavan Duggal, a practicing Supreme Court of India
Advocate, is an authority on cyberlaw and e-commerce law.
His experience in this field includes: consulting to the UN
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the UN
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
(UNESCAP) on cyberlaw and cybercrime; membership in the
Asia-Pacific Council for Trade Facilitation and Electronic
Business (AFACT) Legal Working Group under the UN Center for
Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (CEFAT); member of
the Board of Experts of the European Commission's e-commerce
directive; work as an expert authority on a cyberlaw primer
for an e-ASEAN Task Force; and a stint as a reviewer for the
Asian Development Bank. Duggal is also a member of the World
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Arbitration and
Mediation Center Panel of Neutrals.


6. Duggal is a member of the Information and Communications
Technologies (ICT) Policy and Governance Working Group of the
UNICT Taskforce. He is the legal and policy consultant for
the Internet Mark 2 Project, which is examining the next
level of the Internet. Duggal has been invited to be an
Associated Fellow of the Center for Asia-Pacific Technology
Law and Policy (CAPTEL) in Singapore. He is a member of the
Panel of Arbitrators of the Regional Center for Arbitration
in Kuala Lumpur and the Asian Domain Names Dispute Resolution
Center in Hong Kong.


7. Duggal worked with the Ministry of Communication and
Information Technology on cyberlaw and electronic governance
legal issues and was the counsel for the complainant in
India's first cybercrime conviction. He is a member of the
Karnataka State Advisory Committee on e-governance and a
member of the federal-level Information Forensic Working
Group on e-Information Systems, Security and Audit
Association.


8. Duggal heads his eponymous niche law firm Pavan Duggal

NEW DELHI 00009820 003 OF 009


Associates, which practices cyberlaw, business process
outsourcing law, intellectual property rights and information
technology law and information security law. He has been a
Member of the Nominating Committee, Membership Advisory
Committee, and Membership Implementation Task Force of ICANN,
as well as the President of cyberlaws.net, the Internet,s
first online cyberlaw consultancy. He is also the President
of Cyberlaw Asia, the founder of the Cyberlaw Association and
the Founder-President of Cyberlaw India.


9. Some of Duggal,s early work in the field of BPO legal
issues led to his being named to the BPO Steering Committee
of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India
(ASSOCHAM). He continues to advise a number of BPOs on
different legal issues relating to outsourcing. Duggal is the
Chairman of the ASSOCHAM Cyberlaw Committee and works closely
with the Council of Indian Industry (CII) and the Federation
of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).


10. Duggal has spoken at over 360 conferences, seminars and
workshops in the last seven years, and has lectured
extensively in select law colleges. He has written six books
in the last six years on various legal topics. Duggal has
contributed a continuing weekly column on diverse aspects of
the law, titled "Brief Cases," to the "Economic Times," for
the last several years.

Sunil Gujral
--------------


11. Sunil Gujral is Vice President for Technologies and a
founder of Wipro Spectramind, which was launched in April
2000 and is now India,s largest BPO provider. He completed
his Bachelor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering from
Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) in Pilani,
Rajasthan, followed by a Master of Computer Science from
IIT/Delhi. Gujral started his career as a customer software
engineer with Wipro Information Technology Ltd. From there
he moved to American Express Travel Related Services, where
he was responsible for its IT infrastructure across India and
adjoining countries. In 1988, he started a software firm
called Futuresoft, which later split into Futuresoft (India)
Pvt. Ltd., a software development and services company, and
Futuresoft Solution Pvt. Ltd., a software products
integration and support company.

Kiran Karnik
--------------


12. Kiran Karnik, President of India,s National Association
of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) -- the country,s
leading trade body and chamber of commerce for the IT
industry -- works closely with industry and the Indian
national and state governments to formulate policies and
strategies to advance the IT sector. His key function is to
build "global brand equity" for the Indian software and
service industry. "BusinessWeek" in 2005 named Karnik as one
of the "Stars of Asia." He was also selected as "Forbes"
magazine's "Face of the Year 2003" for being a driving force
behind India's BPO industry.


13. Karnik worked for over 20 years at the Indian Space

NEW DELHI 00009820 004 OF 009


Research Organization (ISRO), where he held various
positions, and was Founder-Director of ISRO,s Development
and Educational Communicational Unit. In 1991, he joined the
Consortium for Educational Communication (CEC) as its first
Director. Karnik has also served as Special Assistant to the
Secretary-General of UNISPACE 82 and held an extended

SIPDIS
consulting assignment for UNESCO in Afghanistan. He has
consulted for WHO, the World Bank, the UN Institute for
Disarmament Research, and the Ford Foundation. Prior to
joining NASSCOM, Karnik was the Managing Director of
Discovery Networks in India, where he spearheaded the South
Asia launch of Discovery Channel in August 1995 and Animal
Planet (a Discovery-BBC joint venture) in 1999.


14. Karnik has been involved with many government
committees, including the three-person Prasar Bharati Review
Committee (1999-2000) that advised the GOI on modernizing
India's national radio networks. He is a member of or
consultant to a number of education and environmental NGOs,
and currently is Chairman of the National Foundation of
India. Karnik has earned many awards, including the 1998
International Astronautical Federation Frank Malina Medal for
Space Education. His deep involvement in the Kheda
Communications Project won wide national and international
acclaim, including the first UNESCO International Program for
the Development of Communications Prize for Rural
Communication.


15. Karnik has authored and edited a large number of
publications. He occasionally lectures at major national
institutes. A post-graduate from the Indian Institute of
Management (IIM)/Ahmedabad, Karnik also holds an honors
degree in Physics from Bombay University.

Lt. Gen. (ret.) S S Mehta
--------------


16. National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) member
Lieutenant General (ret.) SS Mehta earned a Master of Science
in Defense Studies from the Defense Services Staff College at
Wellington, the equivalent of the US Army,s Command and
General Staff College in Leavenworth, KS. (NOTE: The NSAB is
a think-tank of private individuals that advises the National
Security Council. End Note.) He is a graduate of the United
States Army War College (1990-91) and he attended the
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense Course at Tamishenko
Academy in Moscow. During his 41 years of military service,
Mehta served as Deputy Chief of Army Staff (Planning and
Systems) and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Army
Training Command. Before he retired from the Army in January
2004, he held the prestigious appointment of General Officer
Commanding-in-Chief, Western Command, which is responsible
for the India-Pakistan border. Mehta represented the
military on the National Task Force on Information Technology
and was the Army member of the Group of Minister's Task Force
on Review of Defense Management. In addition to his MSAB
membership, he is Principal Adviser to CII. He earned the
Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) -- India,s highest
peace-time military honor.

Captain (ret.) Felix Mohan
--------------

NEW DELHI 00009820 005 OF 009




17. SecureSynergy CEO Felix Mohan was a member of the
National Task Force on Information Security under the
auspices of the National Security Council. The Task Force
was directed to define threat perceptions and formulate the
systemic changes needed to ensure India's information
infrastructure protection. As chairman of the sub-committee
on information security standardization, he helped define
standards and protocols for secure information interchange
between the Ministry of Defense and the public sector.


18. Mohan held a broad range of technical and leadership
appointments in the Navy, including the top IT post, Director
of Information Technology. In 1990, while heading one of the
MoD,s largest computerization projects, he developed a
secure programming meta-language named "npoisam," which is
still owned by the Indian Navy. Mohan has presented papers
on Information Assurance and Information Warfare at various
fora and is an external expert for guiding fellowship
research in information security. He was also a member of
the Information Warfare Committee, tasked with formulating
policies and creating infrastructures for offensive and
defensive information warfare initiatives. Mohan has written
extensively on information security in national newspapers
and technical publications.


19. Mohan is a member of St. Bernard Software,s Technology
Advisory Board. He has represented CII as the industry member
in the Indo-US Cyber Security Forum, and presented on "Indian
Industry Security Perspectives" and "Critical Infrastructure
Protection Initiatives" at Indo-US cyber security discussions
in Washington in November 2004. Before taking up his current
assignment as CEO of SecureSynergy, Mohan was Advisor
(Information Risk Management) at KPMG. He was awarded the
Vishisht Seva Medal in 1998 by President KR Narayanan for his
innovative work in the field of IT security.

Dr. RK Raghavan
--------------


20. Dr. RK Raghavan, former Director of the Central Bureau
of Investigation (CBI, India,s FBI-equivalent), earned a
Master of Arts in Political Science (1962) from Presidency
College, Madras (now Chennai), and joined the IPS in 1963.
He earned his PhD in 1985 from Karnatak University, Dharwar,
for his thesis on IPS personnel management. Raghavan is also
a graduate (1989-91) in Criminal Justice from Temple
University, Philadelphia. In 1994 he was a Visiting Library
Fellow at the School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University,
New Jersey. Raghavan was appointed CBI Director in January
1999, and concurrently headed India,s INTERPOL office. He
retired in April 2001. In Fall 2001, he was a Visiting
Fellow in the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School.


21. Raghavan has studied many aspects of terrorism. During
his tenure as CBI chief, he handled several high-profile
cases including the December 1999 hijacking of Indian
Airlines flight IC-814, which led to FBI-CBI collaboration.
He also successfully forged permanent working arrangements
between the two agencies in cyber-crime training and
investigation.


NEW DELHI 00009820 006 OF 009



22. Raghavan has many publications to his credit. His two
books are "Indian Police: Planning, Personnel and
Perspectives" (1989, Manohar Publications, New Delhi) and
"Policing a Democracy: A Comparative Study of India and the
U.S." (1999, Manohar). He wrote a chapter on the IPS for
Francine Frankel (ed.) Transforming Democracy (2000, Oxford
University Press). Raghavan,s most recent academic paper is
"The Indian Police: Problems and Prospects" in The Publius
(Fall 2003). He is a frequent contributor to the Hindu,
India,s third largest English daily. Raghavan also writes a
fortnightly column on law and order for the leading monthly
"Frontline."


23. Raghavan is presently the Consulting Advisor (Security)
for Tata Consulting Services (TCS). In this role he guides
both network and physical security for TCS operations all
over the world. Raghavan is also developing a capsule on
various aspects of risk management for those dealing with
Indian corporations.

Commander Mukesh Saini
--------------


24. Commander Mukesh Saini is the National Security Council
Secretariat (NSCS) Information Security Specialist and head

SIPDIS
of the National Information Security Coordination Cell. In
this position, he is responsible for coordinating activities
of the National Information Board and sector cybersecurity
officers, implementing recommendations from the Information
Security Task Force, and international cybersecurity
relations (including the Indo-US Cyber Security Forum).
Saini is also a member of various GOI joint working groups,
including e-governance and Information Security, Next
Generation Internet Protocol, and the Canada-India
Counter-Terrorism JWG. He is also a member of the selection
committee for choosing vendors to implement vulnerability
analysis for Indian government networks.


25. Saini is an alumnus of the National Defense Academy and
the Defense Services Staff College at Wellington. He is
specialist in telecommunications and electronic warfare. In
the Navy, Saini served in various command and staff
positions. He was Deputy Director Naval Signals
(Telecommunication and Networking), responsible for
procurement and budget for management of naval land based
telecommunication systems, prior to joining the NSCS. Saini
designed the Navy,s Universal Dial-up Plan (UDP). He holds
three post-graduate degrees: Master of Science in Defense and
Strategic Studies; Master of Business Administration; and
Master of Computer Applications. Saini plans to retire from
the Navy in early 2006 in order to continue working on
cybersecurity issues within the private sector.

Vijaya Sampath
--------------


26. Ms Vijaya Sampath is the Corporate Director and General
Counsel for the Bharti Group. She obtained her law degree in
1975 and is a Fellow of the Institute of Company Secretaries
of India. She has completed the International Senior
Managers Advanced Management Program at the Harvard Business
School and the Program on Managing Strategic Alliances at

NEW DELHI 00009820 007 OF 009


Wharton.


27. Ms. Sampath has over twenty years of experience as
in-house legal counsel and held senior positions as a chief
legal officer, company secretary, and head of communications
and strategy in multinational and large Indian groups. Her
forte is corporate and commercial law and the regulatory
regime in infrastructure (including telecoms). Prior to
joining Bharti, she was an Executive Director at Indian
Aluminum and a senior partner with the law firm J Sagar
Associates.

Rajeeva Ratna Shah
--------------


28. Planning Commission Secretary Rajeeva Ratna Shah was
born in 1945 and joined the IAS in 1967. He served as
Secretary in the Information Technology and Industry

SIPDIS
Departments and the Planning Commission. As Secretary for
Information Technology, he was involved with the
restructuring of the Department of Electronics into the
Department of IT.


29. In the broadcasting sector Shah was the CEO of the
Prasar Bharati (Public Broadcasting Corporation of India),
running over 20 TV channels and 200 radio stations. He
brought about the digitization of TV channels and is known
for providing the framework and securing approvals for
introducing FM radio broadcasting in India. Shah was
unanimously elected by all the broadcasters in India as the
President of the Indian Broadcasting Foundation and was also
Vice-President of the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU).


30. Shah,s other government postings have included Trade
Commissioner for North and South Americas, (in New York,
1984-87); Secretary for Industrial Policy and Promotion in
the Ministry of Commerce and Industry; Secretary in the
Cabinet Secretariat; and Joint Secretary in the Ministry of
Home Affairs.

Vakul Sharma
--------------


31. Vakul Sharma has more than ten years of corporate
experience as an advisor and corporate lawyer specializing in
IT law. Since 1998 he has advised companies and the Indian
government on cybersecurity issues. Sharma,s other
experience includes:

-- Member of the Expert Panel that in 2005 reviewed India,s
IT Act.

-- Provided legal advice to the Office of the Controller of
Certifying Authorities, Ministry of Communication and
Information Technology.

-- Designed the "Cyber Law and Legal Issues" module for an
e-governance course under the UNDP-assisted Program for
Capacity Building of Administrative State Training
Institutes, supported by the Department of Personnel and
Training.


NEW DELHI 00009820 008 OF 009



32. Sharma,s other memberships and associations include:

-- National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science,
Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi (since February 2005)

-- National Judicial Academy, Bhopal, (since November 2004)

-- National Institute for Smart Government, Hyderabad, (since
September 2004)

-- Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi,
(since November 2002)

-- Indian Law Institute, New Delhi, (since March 2001)


33. Sharma earned the following degrees: Master of
International Studies, Master of Philosophy in International
Trade and Development, Executive MBA in International
Business, and Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.). His publications
include the following:

-- "Handbook of Cyber Laws" (McMillan), 2002.

-- "Information Technology: Law and Practice" (Universal Law
Publishing Company), 2004. Updated Reprint, March 2005.

-- Contributory Author: "e-commerce: A New Business Paradigm"
in "Legal Dimensions of Cyberspace" Ed. S.K. Verma and Raman
Mittal (ILI Publication, New Delhi), 2004.

-- Contributory Author: "Cyber Crime and Computer Forensics"
in "Handbook of Forensic Science" Ed Prof. (Dr.) Vimala
Veeraraghavan (Selective and Scientific Books, New Delhi),

2004.

T.K. Viswanathan
--------------


34. Secretary to the Ministry of Law and Justice
(Legislative Department) T.K. Viswanathan earned a Bachelor
of Science and Bachelor of Letters (1972) and a Master of
Letters in Jurisprudence (1975) from the University of
Madras. He practiced corporate and tax laws as Advocate with
Uttama Reddy and Company Tax Consultants from 1972-76.
Viswanathan joined the faculty of Madras Law College as a
full time law teacher in 1976 and was promoted to professor
in 1988.


35. In 1988, Viswanathan joined the Ministry of Law, Justice
and Company Affairs (Legislative Department). He spent the
first half of 1992 studying international commercial
transactions, international law, and treaty drafting at the
Institute of Advanced Legal Studies at the University of
London. Promoted to Joint Secretary and Legislative Counsel
in the Legislative Department in 1994, Viswanathan went on to
draft the Depositories Act (1996), the Foreign Exchange
Management Act (1998), the constitutional amendment to
provide reserved seats for women in Parliament and state
legislatures, the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act
(1998), the Central Vigilance Commission Bill (1999), the
Prevention of Money Laundering Bill (1999); the Insurance
Regulatory and Development Authority Act (1999), the IT Act

NEW DELHI 00009820 009 OF 009


(2000), the Communications Convergence Bill (2000), and the
Competition Bill (2001). He was promoted to Additional
Secretary in the Law Ministry (Legislative Department, 1998),

SIPDIS
Member-Secretary Law Commission (2000), and Secretary in the
Ministry of Law and Justice (Legislative Department) in 2003.


36. Viswanathan is a member of the Cyber Regulations
Advisory Committee, Ministry of Information Technology. He
was invited by the United Nations Environment Program as a
subject matter expert in to participate in meetings on
liability regimes in Geneva in May 2002, and he delivered a
talk on judiciary Backlogs in the Indian Judiciary at the
Legal Vice Presidency of the World Bank in Washington in June

2002. Viswanathan,s interests include American history and
legal and judicial reform.


37. Visit New Delhi's Classified Website:
(http://www.state.sgov.gov/p/sa/newdelhi/)
BLAKE