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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
05CAIRO4875
2005-06-27 14:31:00
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Embassy Cairo
Cable title:  

SUDAN: NDA OFFICIALS IN CAIRO SAY JUNE 18

Tags:   PREL  PGOV  EAID  PHUM  SU  EG 
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271431Z Jun 05
						UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 CAIRO 004875 

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PGOV EAID PHUM SU EG
SUBJECT: SUDAN: NDA OFFICIALS IN CAIRO SAY JUNE 18
AGREEMENT POSITIVE YET NOT COMPLETE

REF: A. CAIRO 4681


B. CAIRO 4360

Sensitive but unclassified. Please protect accordingly.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 CAIRO 004875

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PGOV EAID PHUM SU EG
SUBJECT: SUDAN: NDA OFFICIALS IN CAIRO SAY JUNE 18
AGREEMENT POSITIVE YET NOT COMPLETE

REF: A. CAIRO 4681


B. CAIRO 4360

Sensitive but unclassified. Please protect accordingly.


1. (SBU) Summary: On June 23, Cairo-based representatives
of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) shared with the
diplomatic corps their perspectives on the June 18 Cairo
agreement. The tone of the briefing was hopeful, as the NDA
highlighted increased NDA participation in Sudan's democratic
future. The briefers also called for continued international
support as the NDA and the GOS coordinated "implementation
modalities" agreed to in Cairo. The NDA representatives
highlighted the status of military forces and power sharing
arrangements as key issues left unresolved. End summary.


2. (SBU) On June 23, NDA officials briefed the diplomatic
corps on the Cairo agreement of June 18th. Deputy Chairman
and lead negotiator for the NDA, General Abdel Rahman Saeed,
kicked off a briefing at which Mr. Farouk Abou Eissa
clarified details of the agreement and noted many unresolved
issues. Citing the Cairo agreement as "a step for bringing
the NDA on board" and influencing a political settlement in
Sudan, Abou Eissa outlined the agreement's goals as: 1)
removing the state of emergency after the adoption of an
interim constitution, 2) solidifying NDA participation in the
National Constitutional Review Commission, 3) inserting NDA
views into early drafts of the constitution (effectively
giving the NDA a voice in discussions which pre-dated its
participation), 4) consulting on "commissions" stipulated in
the Naivasha accords and interim constitution, and 5)
reinforcing the role of women in Sudanese politics.


3. (SBU) Abou Eissa candidly discussed the issues that
could not be resolved at the Cairo talks, particularly power
sharing (the ratio of NDA seats in a unified government) and
the status of the armed forces in eastern Sudan. He
nonetheless highlighted the current NDA delegation of 27
participants in the constitution-drafting process (nine
voting delegates and 18 experts as "alternates") as an early
benefit of the agreement and stressed the NDA's role in

ensuring a more democratic outcome. He said a "modalities
committee" would ensure continued negotiations on outstanding
issues, describing the three committees (political, legal,
and reconciliation) that were established as a follow-up
mechanism. Abou Eissa noted that he co-chaired the political
panel.


4. (SBU) On the complex issue of NDA military status, the
briefers called for a national non-partisan military force.
Abou Eissa argued that military forces should not be allied
to any political party, but answer to the nation as a whole.
Abou Eissa argued that the judiciary was similarly a national
asset that should be independent of the Congress Party. He
discussed the need for a new and more democratic approach to
the "administration of justice" and called for many "new
laws." Power sharing is a similarly complicated issue, but
Abou Eissa made it clear that the NDA would not settle for
14% of the seats in a new 60-member cabinet and would remain
"in opposition to GOS" unless given sufficient
representation. He proclaimed that the NDA did not have to
infringe upon the seats promised to the SPLM or other
southern political forces, but could share some of the 52%
held by the Congress party. The NDA briefers stressed that
NDA participation in the constitutional commission had
exceeded the original percentage (totaling "over 17%" when
only 14% had been promised). This precedent made a similar
concession in the unified government "logical," they stressed.


5. (SBU) All committees would start work immediately,
according to Abou Eissa, with the intent of ensuring NDA
participation at all levels of the government. Summarizing
the haste leading to the June 18 agreement, he said that
discussions had continued until 3:00 a.m., with Egyptian
President Mubarak slated to host an event at around noon that
same day. Agreement was reached to sign a limited accord and
to continue working toward resolution of outstanding issues.
After initially agreeing to delay implementation of this
limited accord until all issues were resolved (according to
"Annex B" to the agreement dated June 18), Abou Eissa said a
second Annex ("Annex C") dated June 20 set in motion NDA
participation in the constitutional review commission
immediately.


6. (SBU) The NDA, according to Abou Eissa and his
colleagues, was "satisfied partly with this agreement." They
hoped it would lead to a more democratic transition -- and
were encouraged that the agreement represented "specific
modalities signed publicly" by the government in Khartoum.
Egypt's role in reaching the accord also gave the GOE an
incentive to help ensure implementation; the GOE has an
interest in "realizing what was agreed to under Mubarak's
auspices," Abou Eissa noted.

7. (SBU) Abou Eissa called on the international community to
assist in Sudan's democratic transition. "It is all of our
jobs to push for what was agreed to in Cairo." Clearly
acknowledging the limits of the Cairo agreement, the NDA
emphasized in this briefing the positive direction indicated
by the accord.


8. (SBU) Hesham Afifi, member of the minister's cabinet at
the Egyptian MFA, told PolOff June 26 that the NDA's input in
the draft constitution had been submitted June 25 for
consideration by the Sudanese president and then the
parliament. He said the June 18 agreement which initiated
the NDA's participation in that drafting exercise was very
positive in spite of many issues left unresolved. Now that
this "important step" has been taken, he said, the NDA's
views would need to be taken into consideration; the
resulting inclusion was positive, in his analysis.


9. (U) Khartoum minimize considered.


Visit Embassy Cairo's Classified Website:
http://www.state.sgov.gov/p/nea/cairo

You can also access this site through the
State Department's Classified SIPRNET website.

CORBIN