2005-07-21 15:07:00
Embassy Ankara
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 ANKARA 004230 


E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/20/2015


B. ANKARA 4186

C. ANKARA 3844

D. ANKARA 2912

Classified By: Counselor for Political-Military Affairs Timothy A. Bett
s for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 ANKARA 004230


E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/20/2015


B. ANKARA 4186

C. ANKARA 3844

D. ANKARA 2912

Classified By: Counselor for Political-Military Affairs Timothy A. Bett
s for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

1. (C) Summary: Iraq's Interior Minister, Bayan Jabr, seemed
to take his lead from the Iranians at the July 18-19 meeting
of Iraq's neighbors' interior ministers. Jabr annoyed the
Turks by ignoring their advice to steer clear of the press,
especially on the PKK issue; his private assurances to the
Turks on PKK were disappointing to the Turks. According to
the Turkish MFA, Jabr failed to call out Syria or any other
neighbors for supporting the insurgency, at least in the
plenary session. The ministers tasked Turkey to draft a
"multilateral protocol in the field of security." Saudi
Arabia will host the next meeting; timing is undecided but
our contact guessed the meeting would be in early 2006. Full
text of communique in para. 8. End summary.

2. (C) On July 20, PolMilCouns and PolMilOff called on MFA
Director General for Security Affairs Hayati Guven to get a
readout of the July 18-19 meeting of Iraq's neighbors'
interior ministers (senior officials met July 18, the
ministerial itself was on the 19th). Guven shared with us a
copy of the communique (text in para. 8) and noted that
Turkey (which proposed the idea) has been tasked to draft a
"multilateral protocol in the field of security" for the next
interior ministers' meeting; Guven said the protocol would
not only cover terrorism but also drug trafficking, organized
crime, and mutual legal assistance. Saudi Arabia will host
the next neighbors' meeting, which Guven surmised would be in
early 2006.

3. (C) Guven reported that the Iranians had proposed--and the
Iraqis seconded--a permanent secretariat for the neighbors'
interior ministers process. Guven termed this idea "not very
appealing;" he did not see the need to institutionalize the

current arrangement, which he thought was more appropriately
temporary. He admitted that the Iraqi minister's support put
Turkey in a difficult position, so he feels himself obligated
to at least discuss this proposal in the draft protocol.

4. (C) Guven stated candidly that the Iraqi Minister, Bayan
Jabr (SCIRI),"created a lot of problems for us." He noted
that Jabr enthusiastically seconded every Iranian proposal.
According to Guven, Turkey and many of the other neighbors
were reluctant to forcefully challenge these proposals
because they wanted to appear supportive of the Iraqis. The
Iranians were especially focused on adding a statement to the
communique that the process of bringing Saddam and other
former regime leaders responsible for crimes against the
Iraqi people "and war crimes against Iran and Kuwait" must be
accelerated. Guven noted that even the Kuwaitis were not
pushing this kind of language, but the ministers agreed to
add the paragraph under Iranian and Iraqi pressure.

5. (C) Guven said the Turks had strongly advised Jabr's
delegation to deal carefully with the press; instead, the
minister called a press conference immediately upon his
arrival and held two more during his short visit. The Turks
were especially concerned that Jabr be cautious about
answering questions on the PKK issue, which has been all over
the news in recent days (see refs a and b). Jabr pained the
Turks by announcing the upcoming PKK trilateral talks (which
the Turks had hoped to keep quiet--ref c) and by candidly
stating that the Iraqi government really does not control
northern Iraq, where the PKK is active. He added that the
Iraqi parliament would have to approve any cross-border
operation against the terrorist group.

6. (C) Jabr further annoyed the Turks by providing little
reassurance on the PKK to Turkish Interior Minister Aksu
during their bilateral. According to Guven (who sat in),
Jabr said that only after the constitutional drafting
process, referendum and December elections for a new
legislature, the new parliament may/may adopt "a declaration"
stating that Iraq does not want any such terrorist group to
reside there. (NOTE: This is far weaker than the positive
rhetoric PM Ja'afari offered on his recent visit to Ankara
(ref d). END NOTE.)

7. (C) Guven reported that in the Jabr-Aksu bilateral, the
Iraqi minister did mention terrorists crossing into Iraq from
Syria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan, but added "it is
difficult to blame those governments for this." According to
Guven, Minister Jabr mentioned no countries by name during
the ministerial meeting, thus missing an opportunity to send
a strong message to unhelpful neighbor regimes.

8. (SBU) Text of Interior Ministers' Meeting Communique (as
provided, original was in English). Note internal paragraph


Final Communique of the Second Meeting of the Ministers of
the Interior of the Neighbouring Countries of Iraq

Istanbul, 18-19 July 2005
Upon the invitation of Turkey, the Second Meeting of the
Ministers of Interior of the Neighbouring Countries of Iraq
was held in Istanbul, on 18-19 July, 2005.

The countries that participated in this Ministerial Meeting
were the Kingdom of Bahrain, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the
Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Iraq, the Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan, the State of Kuwait, the Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia, the Arab Republic of Syria and the Republic of Turkey.

Mr. Michael von Schulenburg, Deputy Special Representative of
the UN Secretary General for Iraq, also attended the Meeting.

Expressing their full solidarity with the people and the
newly elected Government of Iraq and drawing attention to the
serious security problems that this country strives to
overcome, the Ministers of Interior,

1. Commended the spirit of cooperation that prevailed at the

2. Recalled the conclusion of their first meeting on 30
November-1 December, 2004, in Tehran, and the Joint Statement
of the Eighth Official Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign
Affairs of the Neighbouring Countries on 30 April, 2005, in
Istanbul, where specific reference was made to the need for
closer cooperation on overall border security,

3. Affirmed the provisions of the UN Security Council
resolution 1546,

4. Reaffirmed the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Iraq, as well as the
principles of good-neighbourliness and non-interference in
each other's internal affairs in conformity with the existing
bilateral, multilateral, regional and international

5. Recognized that security and stability are fundamental
requirements for economic development and progress both for
Iraq and for the region, and emphasized the importance of
security cooperation among neighbouring countries and Iraq to
achieve and maintain peace and stability in the region,

6. Reiterated the importance of accelerating the process of
bringing to justice in Iraq, Saddam Hussein and all those in
the leadership of the previous Iraqi regime who have
committed crimes against humanity to the Iraqi people and war
crimes against Iran and Kuwait,

7. Condemned unreservedly all terrorist actions in every form
and manifestation, regardless of their motives, reiterated
their commitment to confront them by national, regional and
international efforts, through an effective and comprehensive

8. Condemned in the most unequivocal terms, the brutal
slaying of the Egyptian Ambassador, Head of the Egyptian
Mission in Iraq, and the attacks on the envoys of Bahrain,
Pakistan and Iran in Baghdad, and voiced their strong
expectation that the perpetrators of these crimes are
apprehended and brought to justice, equally condemned the
recent terrorist attacks in the United Kingdom and Turkey,

9. Strongly condemned the terrorist acts aimed at Iraqi
civilians, including children, the stabilization efforts,
nascent Iraqi Security Forces, political and religious
leaders and the establishments, including holy sites, as well
as foreign citizens and institutions providing assistance to
and in economic interaction with Iraq,

10. Stressed the fact that terrorism has no particular
religion, race, nationality or a specific region. In this
context, they underlined that any attempt to associate
terrorism with any given faith would in fact play into the
hands of terrorists and should be rejected,

11. Noted with concern increased terrorist acts and other
organized crime activities in the region including drug
trafficking, arms smuggling, kidnapping, extortion and
trafficking in persons and the links among them, and
reaffirmed their readiness to engage in cooperation in the
prevention, investigation, prosecution and adjudication of
organized crime and terrorism;

12. Emphasized the need for speedily exchanging security
information within their competence concerning terrorists and
their movements, organizations, planning and the ways and
means of their support,

13. Stressed the need for taking appropriate measures to
prevent terror groups to use the territory of states as bases
for presence, recruiting, training, financing, planning,
inciting or launching of terrorist operations against other
states; and likewise emphasized the need for global
cooperation among all countries in giving effect to these
measures with a view to eradicating the sources and roots of

14. Taking note of the relevant conclusions of the
International Conference held in Brussels on 22 June, 2005,
on the strengthening of the legal and institutional framework
for the rule of law and public order in Iraq, and for the
acceleration of the build up of the Iraqi Security Forces, so
that they can assume responsibility for Iraq's national
security, expressed their readiness to vigorously support
this undertaking,

15. Reaffirmed their readiness to provide training and
equipment to Iraqi Security Forces to assist the Government
of Iraq, upon its request, for the restoration of stability
in the country,

16. Expressed their determination to increase their
cooperation on overall border security with Iraq, through
existing agreements and other mutually agreed arrangements,
including effective monitoring of borders, strict control at
border entry points and cross border movements, and exchange
of intelligence information with national Iraqi authorities,
with the primary aim of stemming terrorist and other illegal
infiltrations to and from Iraq;

17. Welcomed the proposal made by the Turkish Delegation to
assume the drafting of a multilateral protocol in addition to
and in conformity with existing agreements on cooperation in
the field of security to be finalized by Iraq and its
neighbours, by their next meeting, and, as a first step,
decided to assign officers who will serve as contact points
to follow up and implement such cooperation,

18. Appreciated the efforts made by the United Nations on
strengthening the new political process in Iraq, and
emphasized the importance of its role in following up its
tasks in Iraq,

19. Expressed their appreciation to Turkey for hosting this
Ministerial Meeting,

20. Welcomed the invitation extended by the Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia to host the next Meeting of the Ministers of Interior
of the Countries Neighbouring Iraq.


9. (U) Iraq REOs minimize considered.