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2004-12-09 17:18:00
Embassy Accra
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Tags:   PGOV  PREL  GH 
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This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
						C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 ACCRA 002401 


E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/08/2014

REF: A. A) ACCRA 7444 B) ACCRA 2366

B. C) ACCRA 2367 D)ACCRA 2390

Classified By: PolChief Scott Ticknor for reasons 1.5 d and e.

1. (SBU) Summary: As of 4:30 pm on December 9, with 185 of
230 constituency results reported, President Kufuor of the
New Patriotic Party (NPP) remains in the lead in Ghana's
December 7 election. The NPP has won 114 parliamentary seats.
The Electoral Commission is expected to officially declare a
winner by late December 9 or early December 10. The NDC has
challenged JoyFM radio station's decision to call the
election for Kufuor. Despite former President Rawlings'
reported attack on the fairness of the election, NDC leader
Mills is likely to concede defeat peacefully. We and several
other missions will issue a statement of support for this
election once results are final. End summary.

Updated Results


2. (U) JoyFM has already called the presidential race for
President Kufuor. However, the opposition NDC disputes this
finding. As of 4:30 pm local time, the Electoral Commission
had not announced a final winner. JoyFM reports the
following results, based on counting at 185 of a total of 230



Candidate Percentage Vote

John Kufuor (NPP) 54.2
John Evans Atta Mills (NDC) 43.0
Edward Mahama (PNC) 1.84
George Aggudey (CPP) 0.86



(185 of total 230 seats contested)

Party Number of Seats Won As of

NPP 114
NDC 68

Police Perspective on Violence


3. (SBU) In a meeting December 8, Ghana's Deputy Inspector
General of Police Patrick Achaempong told PolChief that he
was pleased there was little violence during the election.
He clarified that there was one incident of significant
violence on the eve of the election and three serious
incidents of violence on election day, resulting in a total
of six deaths. On December 6, false rumors spread in one
constituency of the Volta region that the Regional Minister
and his campaign manager were thumb printing ballots in the
campaign manager's house. In response, a mob vandalized the
house. A supporter of the local independent candidate was
killed and three others injured (one of whom later died from
his injury). Achaempong confirmed that two people were
killed on election day in Tolon, near Tamale, although he was
not clear whether they died from election-related violence or
from an ethnic dispute. The Electoral Commission office in
Tolon was torched. In the nearby Kumbungu constituency on

December 7, a group of motorcycling NPP supporters argued
that minors were being allowed to vote at one polling
station. One of them shot to death an NDC supporter and was
subsequently lynched by a local crowd, reportedly supporters
of the NDC. Achaempong also confirmed media reports of a
shooting in Bawku town, Upper East region, when a
parliamentarian initially could not find her name on the
register. An unknown person shot one of her two soldier
bodyguards, slightly injuring him.

4. (SBU) Achaempong thought it unlikely there would be
significant violence in the post-election period, especially
since it appears there will be no second round of voting.
Tamale remains somewhat tense. NDC and NPP supporters in
Tamale fired shots into the air last night, either out of
jubilation or frustration. A UNDP contact told PolChief he
saw around 500 NDC supporters driving through Tamale on the
evening of December 8. There were a few other incidents of
shots being fired with no injuries on election day in the
Tamale area. An Electoral Commission office was burnt down
in Brong Ahafo region on December 8. There could be other
minor incidents of election-related violence in the coming
few days.
Statements from Foreign Missions


5. (U) We plan to issue a congratulatory statement in
support of this election once the results are final. The EU
and Canada are preparing similar statements. The UNDP plans
to issue an informal election report to the Electoral
Commission. Some independent British Members of Parliament
who observed the election may also issue statements.



6. (SBU) At this point, Kufuor looks likely to win a first
round victory. The NPP has already improved its position in
parliament (from 103 to 114). The NPP did well in Central,
Western, Ashanti, Eastern, and Brong Ahafo regions, while the
NDC swept Upper East, Upper West, Volta and Northern regions.
We will report with more analysis of the results on December


7. (C) NDC leader and former president J.J. Rawlings has
left Ghana for a previous engagement in Congo Brazzaville.
On December 8, his Public Affairs Director issued a statement
that Rawlings questioned the election results and believed
"the NPP was hell-bent on stealing the 2004 elections by
manipulating its outcome through diverse, fraudulent and
corrupt means." It is not clear whether Rawlings authorized
this statement, although it tracks with statements he made
before the election. The NDC has urged patience until the EC
declares certified results. Despite Rawlings' alleged
ranting, the size of the victory and the generally peaceful,
free manner of the election (with thousands of domestic
observers and intense media scrutiny) leave little room for
the NDC to dispute the overall outcome. Our statement and
those of other foreign missions will also reinforce Ghana's
election outcome. NDC candidate Mills, assuming he loses,
will likely concede defeat peacefully.