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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
03VATICAN283
2003-01-24 10:03:00
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Embassy Vatican
Cable title:  

PARTNERS FOR PROGRESS - WORKING WITH VATICAN DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES

Tags:   PREL  PHUM  PREF  PGOV  EAGR  EAID  ECON  SMIG  TBIO  VT 
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						UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 VATICAN 000283 

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPT. PLS PASS MERCOSUR COLLECTIVE
DEPT. PLS PASS SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

DEPT. ALSO PASS FOR USAID
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE (MENNUTI); EUR/ERA, IO, PRM, AF/S, AF/E,
AF/C, AF/W

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VT
SUBJECT: PARTNERS FOR PROGRESS - WORKING WITH VATICAN
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES

REF: 02 VATICAN 4217

-------
SUMMARY
-------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 VATICAN 000283

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPT. PLS PASS MERCOSUR COLLECTIVE
DEPT. PLS PASS SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

DEPT. ALSO PASS FOR USAID
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE (MENNUTI); EUR/ERA, IO, PRM, AF/S, AF/E,
AF/C, AF/W

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VT
SUBJECT: PARTNERS FOR PROGRESS - WORKING WITH VATICAN
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES

REF: 02 VATICAN 4217


--------------
SUMMARY
--------------


1. (U) THE HOLY SEE, CATHOLIC DIOCESES WORLDWIDE,
AFFILIATED NGO'S AND CATHOLIC RELIGIOUS ORDERS ARE
SIGNIFICANT, IF OFTEN OVERLOOKED, PLAYERS IN INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT AND HUMANITARIAN RELIEF EFFORTS. THE CATHOLIC
CHURCH IS IN EFFECT THE WORLD'S LARGEST INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT AGENCY: SOME FOUR MILLION LAY PEOPLE, SISTERS,
MONKS, PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WORKING IN VARIOUS FORMS OF
DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY MAKE A CONTRIBUTION WORTH BILLIONS OF
DOLLARS IN HOSPITALS, SCHOOLS, UNIVERSITIES, TECHNICAL,
AGRICULTURAL AND VOCATIONAL FACILITIES, AND SOCIAL
DEVELOPMENT CENTERS THROUGHOUT THE DEVELOPING WORLD. THIS
"COMMITMENT TO JUSTICE" IS DEEPLY ROOTED IN THE CHURCH'S
SOCIAL DOCTRINE, WHICH HAS BEEN EXPANDED AND INTENSIFIED IN
THE POST-VATICAN II PERIOD WHEN THE CHURCH FIRST LINKED
WORLD PEACE TO HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. FOR THE HOLY SEE, THE
INHERENT AND INALIENABLE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON FORMS
THE CORE OF ITS DEVELOPMENT POLICY; PEOPLE MATTER, AND THEIR
SPIRITUAL, SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL WELL-BEING IS AT THE HEART OF
THE HOLY SEE'S APPROACH TO FOREIGN POLICY. END SUMMARY.

--------------
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 03 VATICA 00283 01 OF 05 241033Z
KEY PLAYERS IN DEVELOPMENT AND RELIEF
--------------


2. (U) THE HOLY SEE IS AN ACTIVE "HANDS ON" PLAYER IN
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WHOSE ROLE IS NOT LIMITED TO
TEACHING AND ENCOURAGING CHARITY. IN FACT, THE HOLY SEE
OPERATES A GLOBAL RELIEF AGENCY, IS PRESENT IN THE MOST
REMOTE AND BADLY AFFLICTED CRISES AREAS IN THE WORLD, AND
CARES FOR 25 PERCENT OF ALL HIV/AIDS VICTIMS WORLDWIDE. IN
SOME COUNTRIES, CATHOLIC AGENCIES ARE AMONG THE PRINCIPAL
DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS, PARTICULARLY IN THE FIELD OF
EDUCATION AND HEALTH CARE. THE HOLY SEE'S DEVELOPMENT
AGENCIES AND AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS ARE OPEN TO PARTNERING
WITH THE USG, AND EMBASSY BELIEVES THERE IS SCOPE FOR CLOSER
COORDINATION IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS ON HUMAN AND
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS. DESPITE SOME SKEPTICISM OF
COMMERCIAL MOTIVES BEHIND CERTAIN U.S. INITIATIVES AND
APPROACHES TO DEVELOPMENT, THE HOLY SEE'S VIEWS ON
DEVELOPMENT HAVE MOVED CLOSER TO U.S. VIEWS IN RECENT TIMES
REGARDING THE NEED FOR RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES (REFTEL). WE BELIEVE THE HOLY SEE WILL PROVE TO BE
AN INCREASINGLY USEFUL ALLY IN PROMOTING THESE VIEWS
WORLDWIDE.


3. (U) HOLY SEE CABINET-LEVEL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENTS
(DICASTRIES), WHICH FUNCTION AS THINK TANKS AND POLICY
MAKING AGENCIES, ARE INFLUENTIAL IN SHAPING A GLOBAL
CONSENSUS ON DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES FOR A RANGE OF ISSUES
INCLUDING HUMAN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, MIGRATION, GLOBALIZATION,
AND HEALTH. THE CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS FEDERATION, WITH
MEMBERS IN 154 COUNTRIES, ENGAGES IN LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 04 VATICA 00283 01 OF 05 241033Z
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT PARTNERSHIPS WITH USG AGENCIES AND
INTERNATIONAL NGOS. THE COMMUNITY OF SANT'EGIDIO IS A HOLY
SEE-LINKED NGO CONCENTRATING ON DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE
NEGOTIATION, ESPECIALLY IN AFRICA. CATHOLIC RELIGIOUS
ORDERS SUCH AS THE JESUITS, FRANCISCANS AND DOMINICANS, AND
NATIONAL BISHOPS CONFERENCES WORLDWIDE, ENGAGE IN
DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS, OFTEN IN COLLABORATION WITH UN
AGENCIES AND INTERNATIONAL NGOS.

-------------- --------------
THE STRUCTURES OF COMPASSION AND CHARITY: PONTIFICAL
COUNCILS
-------------- --------------


4. (U) MANY HOLY SEE CABINET LEVEL DEPARTMENTS
(DICASTRIES) ARE CONCERNED WITH SOCIAL JUSTICE AND ISSUES
AFFECTING INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND ASSISTANCE. THE
DICASTERIES TYPICALLY FUNCTION AS DEVELOPMENT THINK TANKS
RATHER THAN DIRECT ASSISTANCE OR FUNDING AGENCIES. THEY
SUPERVISE, COORDINATE AND CONDUCT RESEARCH ON A WIDE RANGE
OF DEVELOPMENT ISSUES INCLUDING MIGRATION, REFUGEES, LABOR,
LAND RIGHTS, HEALTHCARE, HIV/AIDS, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS,
AND DESERTIFICATION. A HOST OF CHURCH AFFILIATED AGENCIES

NOTE: NOT PASSED TO ABOVE ADDRESSEE(S)

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED PTQ0097

PAGE 01 VATICA 00283 02 OF 05 241034Z
ACTION EUR-00

INFO LOG-00 NP-00 AF-00 AGRE-00 AID-00 AMAD-00 CA-01
CIAE-00 COME-00 INL-00 DODE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00
EB-00 FAAE-00 UTED-00 VC-00 HHS-01 TEDE-00 INR-00
IO-00 VCE-00 NEA-00 DCP-01 NSAE-00 OES-00 OIC-02
SS-00 TEST-00 TRSE-00 VO-01 EPAE-00 DSCC-00 PRM-00
DRL-02 SAS-00 /008W
-------------- 2AE153 241104Z /38
R 241003Z JAN 03
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC
INFO EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
ISLAMIC CONFERENCE COLLECTIVE
USMISSION US IN NEW YORK NY
USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA

UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 05 VATICAN 000283

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPT. PLS PASS MERCOSUR COLLECTIVE
DEPT. PLS PASS SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

DEPT. ALSO PASS FOR USAID
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE (MENNUTI); EUR/ERA, IO, PRM, AF/S, AF/E,
AF/C, AF/W

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VT
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02 VATICA 00283 02 OF 05 241034Z
VT
SUBJECT: PARTNERS FOR PROGRESS - WORKING WITH VATICAN
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES

IMPLEMENT THE HOLY SEE'S DEVELOPMENT POLICIES ACROSS THE
GLOBE. THESE INCLUDE RELIGIOUS ORDERS AND SEMI-OFFICIAL
BODIES SUCH AS CARITAS INTERNATIONAL, THE SANT'EGIDIO
COMMUNITY, AND PRIVATE AGENCIES. THE HOLY SEE HAS
ESTABLISHED PARTNERSHIPS FOR DEVELOPMENT WITH UNITED NATIONS
AGENCIES AND OTHER SECULAR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, AS
WELL AS NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS TO CONFRONT POVERTY, UNDER-
DEVELOPMENT, REFUGEE CRISES, PANDEMICS AND FAMINE.

--------------
PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR JUSTICE AND PEACE
--------------


5. (U) THE PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR JUSTICE AND PEACE (PCJP)
FOSTERS DEVELOPMENT OF NEEDY REGIONS AND PROMOTES SOCIAL
JUSTICE (SOCIAL EQUITY) INTERNATIONALLY. ITS BRIEF INCLUDES
LABOR ISSUES, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, DEVELOPMENT POLICY,
AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. IT ALSO PROMOTES REFLECTION ON
ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL SYSTEMS -- INCLUDING THE IMPACT OF
GLOBALIZATION -- PRODUCING IN 1999 FOR EXAMPLE, A REFLECTION
ON TRADE LIBERALIZATION IN PREPARATION FOR THE WTO
"MILLENNIUM ROUND." THE COUNCIL ALSO ADDRESSES
ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES ISSUES. THE PCJP, OFTEN
ON BEHALF OF THE VATICAN FOREIGN MINISTRY, TREATS A BROAD
RANGE OF ISSUES RELATED TO WAR, DISARMAMENT AND THE ARMS
TRADE, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY, AND VIOLENCE IN ALL ITS
MANIFESTATIONS -- INCLUDING TERRORISM AND XENOPHOBIC
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 03 VATICA 00283 02 OF 05 241034Z
NATIONALISM. IT IS A FOCAL POINT FOR THE CHURCH'S HUMAN
RIGHTS POLICY, DEVELOPING ITS PLACE IN CHURCH TEACHING,
ANALYZING ISSUES UNDER DISCUSSION IN INTERNATIONAL FORA,
AND PROVIDING ADVOCACY FOR VICTIMS OF HUMAN RIGHTS
VIOLATIONS.


6. (U) THE PCJP ALSO EXAMINES POLITICAL SYSTEMS AND THE
ROLE OF CATHOLICS IN POLITICS IN LIGHT OF THE CHURCH'S
DESIRE TO WALK THE PHILOSOPHICAL TIGHTROPE BETWEEN RELIGIOUS
BELIEF AND SECULAR POLITICS. SINCE THE EARLY 1960'S THE
HOLY SEE HAS JUDGED SOME POLITICAL SYSTEMS AS CLOSER TO
CHURCH THINKING THAN OTHERS: ATHEISTIC COMMUNISM HAS BEEN
FLATLY REJECTED, RIGHT-WING MILITARY REGIMES SEVERELY
CRITICIZED, AND LIBERAL CAPITALIST SYSTEMS TOLERATED BUT
MONITORED CLOSELY FOR INCLUSION OF SOCIAL WELFARE
PROVISIONS. A KEY ISSUE FOR THE COUNCIL IS HUMAN RIGHTS
WHICH IT TREATS IN THREE DISTINCT WAYS: DEVELOPING ITS PLACE
IN CHURCH TEACHING, ANALYSIS OF ISSUES UNDER DISCUSSION IN
INTERNATIONAL FORA, PROVIDING ADVOCACY FOR VICTIMS OF HUMAN
RIGHTS VIOLATIONS. PCJP OFFICIALS REPRESENT THE HOLY SEE AT
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL OR DISARMAMENT
CONFERENCES. THE PROMOTION OF FORMER HOLY SEE PERMANENT
OBSERVER TO THE UN, ARCHBISHOP RENATO MARTINO, TO HEAD THE
PCJP AUGERS WELL FOR A MORE ACTIVIST PCJP AND FOR EVEN
CLOSER COOPERATION BETWEEN THE HOLY SEE AND THE USG ON MANY
DEVELOPMENT ISSUES. MARTINO LIVED IN THE U.S. FOR 18 YEARS
AND UNDERSTANDS US VALUES AND POLICY BETTER THAN ANY OTHER
NON-AMERICAN AT THE HOLY SEE. WHILE NOT ALWAYS IN AGREEMENT
WITH THE US, MARTINO HAS SPOKEN OUT IN FAVOR OF BIOTECH
FOODS TO AVERT STARVATION, ASSERTING THE ISSUE IS MORE
POLITICAL THAN SCIENTIFIC.
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 04 VATICA 00283 02 OF 05 241034Z

-------------- --------------
THE PONTIFICAL COUNCIL FOR MIGRANTS AND ITINERANT PEOPLES
-------------- --------------


7. (U) PCMIP FOCUSES ON PEOPLE ON THE MOVE INCLUDING
REFUGEES, ECONOMIC MIGRANTS, INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS
AND NOMADIC PEOPLES SUCH AS ROMA AND SINTI. THE COUNCIL
WORKS IN CLOSE COLLABORATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL CATHOLIC
MIGRATION COMMISSION, CARITAS INTERNATIONALIS AND THE JESUIT
REFUGEE SERVICES, WHICH IN TURN OPERATE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
IN PLACES SUCH AS KOSOVO AND AFRICA'S GREAT LAKES REGION
PROVIDING HEALTH CARE, ADVOCACY SERVICES AND REPATRIATION
ASSISTANCE. THE PCMIP SEEKS TO ENSURE HOLY SEE POLICY AND
SENSIBILITIES ARE RESPECTED AT THE LOCAL LEVEL. RECENTLY
PARTNERSHIPS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED AT THE ECUMENICAL AND
INTER-RELIGIOUS LEVEL IN COUNTRIES SUCH AS CHAD, ANGOLA AND
MACEDONIA TO ENSURE A GREATER OUTREACH TO REFUGEES AND
INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE. PCMIP WORKS CLOSELY WITH UNHCR
ON MORAL AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ISSUES, AND IN AN ADVOCACY
ROLE FOR PARTICULAR GROUPS -- ROMA/GYPSIES FOR EXAMPLE. THE
HOLY SEE IS A MEMBER OF THE UNHCR EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AND
FOSTERS PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN UNHCR AND CATHOLIC CHURCH-BASED
AGENCIES. TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS IS A MAJOR CONCERN OF THIS

NOTE: NOT PASSED TO ABOVE ADDRESSEE(S)

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED PTQ0106

PAGE 01 VATICA 00283 04 OF 05 241035Z
ACTION EUR-00

INFO LOG-00 NP-00 AF-00 AGRE-00 AID-00 AMAD-00 EVG-00
CA-01 CIAE-00 COME-00 INL-00 DODE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00
DS-00 MEDE-00 EB-00 OIGO-00 FAAE-00 UTED-00 VC-00
HHS-01 TEDE-00 INR-00 IO-00 VCE-00 NEA-00 NSAE-00
OES-00 OIC-02 IRM-00 SS-00 TEST-00 TRSE-00 USSS-00
VO-01 EPAE-00 DSCC-00 PRM-00 DRL-02 SAS-00 /007W
-------------- 2AE174 241106Z /38
R 241003Z JAN 03
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC
INFO EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
ISLAMIC CONFERENCE COLLECTIVE
USMISSION US IN NEW YORK NY
USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA

UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 05 VATICAN 000283

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPT. PLS PASS MERCOSUR COLLECTIVE
DEPT. PLS PASS SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

DEPT. ALSO PASS FOR USAID
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE (MENNUTI); EUR/ERA, IO, PRM, AF/S, AF/E,
AF/C, AF/W

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VT
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02 VATICA 00283 04 OF 05 241035Z
VT
SUBJECT: PARTNERS FOR PROGRESS - WORKING WITH VATICAN
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES

MADE FOR THE POOREST, WEAKEST OR MOST MARGINALIZED MEMBERS
OF SOCIETY. CARITAS DOES THIS THROUGH PUBLIC CAMPAIGNING
AND DIRECT LOBBYING OF GOVERNMENTS AND INSTITUTIONS. THE
CURRENT ADVOCACY ISSUES INCLUDE PALESTINE AND ISRAEL, IRAQI
SANCTIONS AND POSSIBLE WAR, THE UN CONFERENCE ON FINANCING
FOR DEVELOPMENT, THE CRISIS IN SIERRA LEONE, INTERNATIONAL
DEBT, AND TRADE FAIRNESS.


12. (U) HIGH-PROFILE MEMBERS OF THE CARITAS FEDERATION
INCLUDE U.S. CATHOLIC RELIEF SERVICES (CRS) AND U.K. CAFOD.
BOTH AGENCIES HAVE EXTENSIVE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAMS. FOR EXAMPLE, CRS WORK WITH LOCAL PARTNERS AND
OTHER INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATIONS TO RESPOND TO
PRESENT FOOD SHORTAGES IN SOUTHERN AFRICA AND AVERT A FAMINE
IN THE REGION. AT PRESENT, THE AGENCY PLANS TO DISTRIBUTE
MORE THAN 45,000 METRIC TONS OF FOOD, SUCH AS MAIZE, FLOUR
AND VEGETABLE OIL, TO NEARLY 400,000 FAMILIES IN THE REGION.
CRS IS ALSO TARGETING ITS RESPONSE TO COMMUNITIES WHERE IT
HAS EXISTING PROGRAMS DEALING WITH HIV/AIDS -- SUPPLYING
FOOD TO THE MOST VULNERABLE: CHILD-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS,
PREGNANT AND LACTATING MOTHERS AND CHILDREN UNDER FIVE.


13. (U) UK-BASED CAFOD IS ALSO ACTIVELY ENGAGED IN
DEVELOPMENT WORK IN SOUTHERN AFRICA - PARTICULARLY IN
FEEDING AND HIV/AIDS PREVENTION AND TREATMENT. THE AGENCY'S
PROGRAMS IN THE REGION ARE ALREADY FEEDING HUNDREDS OF
THOUSANDS OF THE MOST VULNERABLE PEOPLE IN ZIMBABWE, MALAWI,
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 03 VATICA 00283 04 OF 05 241035Z
ANGOLA, MOZAMBIQUE AND SWAZILAND. CAFOD HAS ALSO LAUNCHED A
SPECIAL APPEAL FOR SOUTHERN AFRICA, RESULTING IN MILLIONS OF
DOLLARS IN DONATIONS. CAFOD IS USING NOURISHMENT TO HELP
AIDS SUFFERERS LIVE WITH THE CONDITION. CARE PROGRAMS
CONDUCTED IN PARTNERSHIP WITH LOCAL CHURCH AGENCIES PROVIDE
HIGH-PROTEIN BALANCED DIETS TO PATIENTS AS A WAY TO STAY
HEALTHY. THE PROGRAMS HOWEVER, ARE THREATENED BY THE
ESCALATING SOUTHERN AFRICAN FOOD CRISIS.


14. (U) OTHER CARITAS FEDERATION MEMBERS IN FIRST WORLD
COUNTRIES IN WESTERN EUROPE AND AUSTRALASIA UNDERTAKE
SIMILAR PROGRAMS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD -- PREFERABLY WORKING
IN PARTNERSHIP WITH LOCAL AGENCIES AND CHURCH-BASED GROUPS -
- TO FOSTER ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY.

--------------
THE COMMUNITY OF SANT'EGIDIO
--------------


15. (U) THIS ROME-BASED INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTEER
ORGANIZATION IS INVOLVED IN NUMEROUS CHARITABLE AND
DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES AT NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL LEVELS
AND HAS BEEN NICKNAMED "THE POPE'S UNITED NATIONS". HAVING
GAINED INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION FOR ITS WORK IN ENDING THE
MOZAMBIQUE CONFLICT, IT ALSO CONDUCTS LOWER-PROFILE BUT
VITAL DEVELOPMENT WORK, ESPECIALLY IN AFRICA. THE FIRST, A
FOOD RELIEF PROGRAM IN ONE OF MALAWI'S MOST ISOLATED AND
POOR AREAS PROVIDES NON-PERISHABLE HIGH PROTEIN FOOD SUCH AS
RICE, BEANS, OIL, SUGAR AND VITAMIN-ENRICHED BISCUITS FOR
CHILDREN. THE SECOND, AN HIV/AIDS PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
PROGRAM IN MOZAMBIQUE, PROVIDES TESTING, LOCAL STAFF
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 04 VATICA 00283 04 OF 05 241035Z
TRAINING, HEALTH EDUCATION, ANTI-RETROVIRAL THERAPY,
MONITORING OF BLOOD DONATIONS, PREVENTION AND CARE OF AIDS-
LINKED DISEASES, NUTRITIONAL SUSTENANCE TO AIDS SUFFERS AND
HOME CARE FOR THE SERIOUSLY ILL. SANT'EGIDIO HAS APPROACHED
EMBASSY AND STATE DEPARTMENT/AID FOR SUPPORT. EMBASSY
STRONGLY SUPPORTS SUCH REQUESTS AND WILL SOLICIT FUNDING
SEPTEL.

--------------
LOCAL CHURCH AND RELIGIOUS ORDERS
--------------


16. (U) MANY RELIGIOUS ORDERS AND LOCAL CHURCH GROUPS
AROUND THE WORLD PROVIDE DEVELOPMENT SERVICES SUCH SCHOOLS
AND UNIVERSITIES, AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY, HEALTH CARE AND
VOCATIONAL TRAINING. THE LARGER RELIGIOUS ORDERS, SUCH AS
THE JESUITS ALSO HAVE SPECIALIST AGENCIES. THE JESUIT
REFUGEE SERVICE (JRS) WORKS IN OVER 40 COUNTRIES, WITH A
MISSION TO ACCOMPANY, SERVE AND DEFEND THE RIGHTS OF
REFUGEES AND FORCIBLY DISPLACED PEOPLE. JRS ALSO PROVIDES
SHELTER, EDUCATION, AND MEDICAL CARE FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE
DRIVEN FROM THEIR HOMES BY CONFLICT, HUMANITARIAN DISASTER
OR VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS. JRS UNDERTAKES SERVICES AT
NATIONAL AND REGIONAL LEVEL WITH THE SUPPORT OF AN

NOTE: NOT PASSED TO ABOVE ADDRESSEE(S)

UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED PTQ0101

PAGE 01 VATICA 00283 05 OF 05 241035Z
ACTION EUR-00

INFO LOG-00 NP-00 AF-00 AGRE-00 AID-00 AMAD-00 EVG-00
CA-01 CIAE-00 COME-00 INL-00 DODE-00 DOTE-00 SRPP-00
DS-00 EB-00 FAAE-00 UTED-00 VC-00 HHS-01 TEDE-00
INR-00 IO-00 VCE-00 NEA-00 NSAE-00 OES-00 OIC-02
SS-00 TEST-00 TRSE-00 VO-01 ECA-00 DSCC-00 PRM-00
DRL-02 SAS-00 /007W
-------------- 2AE186 241104Z /38
R 241003Z JAN 03
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC
INFO EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
ISLAMIC CONFERENCE COLLECTIVE
USMISSION US IN NEW YORK NY
USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA

UNCLAS SECTION 05 OF 05 VATICAN 000283

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

DEPT. PLS PASS MERCOSUR COLLECTIVE
DEPT. PLS PASS SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY

DEPT. ALSO PASS FOR USAID
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE (MENNUTI); EUR/ERA, IO, PRM, AF/S, AF/E,
AF/C, AF/W

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO PHUM PREF PGOV EAGR EAID ECON SMIG TBIO UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VTPREL UNCLASSIFIED PAGE VATICA OF VT
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02 VATICA 00283 05 OF 05 241035Z
VT
SUBJECT: PARTNERS FOR PROGRESS - WORKING WITH VATICAN
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES

INTERNATIONAL OFFICE IN ROME. IT PRIORITIZES ITS WORK BASED
ON THE URGENCY OF THE NEEDS OF DISPLACED PEOPLE UNATTENDED
BY OTHER AGENCIES. ITS SERVICES -- INCLUDING EDUCATION FOR
CHILDREN AND ADULTS, SOCIAL SERVICES AND COUNSELING, AND
HEALTH CARE -- ARE TAILORED TO MEET LOCAL NEEDS. MOST
RECENTLY JRS HAS BEEN ACTIVE IN KOSOVO, RWANDA, UGANDA, AND
BURUNDI. THE JESUITS HAVE PROGRAMS FOR HIV/AIDS WORK
FOCUSED ON SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. A FURTHER EXAMPLE OF THE
EXTENT OF JESUIT INVOLVEMENT IN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IS IN
INDIA WHERE THE JESUIT INDIAN SOCIAL INSTITUTE WORKS WITH
SOME 5000 VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS TO COORDINATE AND NETWORK
FOR THE SOCIAL-CULTURAL RIGHTS OF THE POOR AND MARGINALIZED.
SIMILAR EFFORTS ARE CARRIED OUT WORLDWIDE BY HUNDREDS OF
RELIGIOUS ORDERS. SIMILAR DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES ARE
CONDUCTED BY OTHER RELIGIOUS ORDERS INCLUDING FRANCISCANS
AND DOMINICANS.


17. (U) NATIONAL GROUPINGS OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS ALSO ENGAGE
IN DEVELOPMENT WORK, OFTEN THROUGH SPECIFICALLY CONSTITUTED
AGENCIES. THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN BISHOPS CONDUCT HUNDREDS OF
EDUCATION, PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAMS IN SOUTH
AFRICA, NAMIBIA, LESOTHO, SWAZILAND AND BOTSWANA, MAKING IT
ONE OF THE KEY AGENCIES IN A REGION WHERE CATHOLICS ARE A
MINORITY. THE US BISHOPS ARE SIMILARLY ACTIVE IN CENTRAL
AMERICA.

--------------
UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 03 VATICA 00283 05 OF 05 241035Z
COMMENT
--------------


18. (SBU) THE HOLY SEE ITSELF APPEARS TO HAVE MADE A
PHILOSOPHICAL SHIFT IN RECENT YEARS ON ITS APPROACH TO
DEVELOPMENT. WHILE MANY POSITION PAPERS STILL CARRY MORE
THAN A HINT OF A DEVELOPMENT MESSAGE ROOTED IN THE HALCYON
DAYS OF LIBERATION THEOLOGY AND THE INTERNATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT THEORY OF THE LATE 1960S, RECENT STATEMENTS --
AT THE JOHANNESBURG SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, FOR
EXAMPLE -- REFLECT A POSITION CLOSER TO THAT OF THE USG.
RECIPIENTS OF DEVELOPMENT AID ARE ASKED TO BECOME
PROTAGONISTS AND PARTNERS IN THEIR OWN DEVELOPMENT. CONCEPTS
SUCH AS TRANSPARENCY, GOOD GOVERNANCE, ACCOUNTABILITY AND
MARKET LIBERALIZATION NOW PROVIDE A COUNTERBALANCE TO
BLAMING "UNJUST STRUCTURES" OR "UNBRIDLED CAPITALISM" FOR
THE WORLD'S WOES. THE POPE HAS REINFORCED THESE CONCEPTS IN
RECENT MESSAGES AND STATEMENTS, WHICH SUGGESTS THAT THE NEW
PERSPECTIVE WILL TRICKLE DOWN FROM THE DICASTERIES TO
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES TO SHAPE THEIR POLICIES AND STRATEGIES.
GIVEN THE IMPORTANCE OF THE VATICAN'S VOICE THROUGHOUT THE
DEVELOPING WORLD. EMBASSY BELIEVES USG DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES
SHOULD SEEK TO BROADEN CONTACTS WITH THE HOLY SEE TO BUILD
SUPPORT FOR OUR DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND INITIATIVES AND TO
DEVELOP SYNERGIES WITH THE MANY VATICAN-RELATED DEVELOPMENT
AGENCIES. END COMMENT.

HARDT

UNCLASSIFIED

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2003VATICA00283 - Classification: UNCLASSIFIED