This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 BRUSSELS 005510
E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/05/2013 TAGS: PREL PHUM PARM KNNP EAID KS CH KN EUN USEU BRUSSELS SUBJECT: EU TROIKA DEC 9-12 VISIT TO PYONGYANG
REF: ROME 5184
Classified By: USEU poloff Van Reidhead for reasons 1.5 (b) and (d)
1. (C) Summary. Senior EU officials will visit Pyongyang December 9-12 to convey EU support for the Six Party Talks; EU interest in improving ROK-DPRK relations in order to coordinate peninsular development; the need to respect human rights; and the need to begin a process of economic reforms. The visiting EU "Troika" will be led by Italian Asia Director General Guido Martini (other EU participants listed para 5). Pyongyang's draft schedule for the EU centers on a "Political Dialogue" meeting with not-yet-named officials. The EU Troika will also meet with FM Pak Man Sun, Vice FM Kung Sok Yung, General Ri Chan Bok, among others. The Troika will round out its trip with visits to an information technology project and a pharmaceutical joint venture, and will hold consultations with aid organizations. They will wrap ut the trip with consultations in Seoul, and would be open to debriefing US Embassy officials (see para 4). End summary.
--- EU to Focus on Six Party Talks, Economic Reform, Peninsula Development, Human Rights
2. (C) Poloff discussed the EU visit to Pyongyang with Council Secretariat trip participant Bruno Hanses December 4-5. According to Hanses, the EU wants to deliver four strong messages to the North Koreans:
-- On the DPRK's nuclear weapons program, the EU will say that it shares fully the concerns of the U.S. and International Community, and that it supports the Six Party talks aimed at reversing North Korean nuclear ambitions. The EU is keen for Pyongyang to understand that European concerns about the situation are serious and indigenous, and not just a reflection of U.S. concerns. The EU will be willing to engage with Pyongyang at a more substantive level only when the current situation is resolved. Hanses said the EU wants to lend its full support to the Six Party talks, while at the same time "absolutely avoiding any impression of having a mediating role." The visiting Troika intends to press firmly for DPRK cooperation in the Six Party context, but will not offer any mediating or facilitating services.
-- On economic reform, the EU will continue its push for Pyongyang to take meaningful steps to reform its economy and liberalize its markets. The EU will encourage the DPRK to speed up its reform efforts by cooperating with the ROK on liberalizing projects and policies. Hanses reported that the EU is also considering the idea of offering technical assistance on economic reform to Pyongyang, if and when the nuclear situation is resolved. Hanses described it as a preliminary idea for EU assistance in the future, pending positive developments on the ground. He said the EU will not/not broach the subject with the North Koreans during the December 9-12 visit.
-- The EU wants to add human rights to the agenda of the December 9-12 talks, but Hanses reports that Pyongyang has not responded to the request. If human rights make the agenda, the EU will push for North Korea to sign up to international human rights conventions and begin demonstrating greater respect for human rights in general. The Troika will also press Pyongyang on allowing UN Human Rights Rapporteurs to have access to the country.
-- The EU will press for greater DPRK-ROK coordination on "development of the peninsula," to include such things as economic liberalization, humanitarian activities, and infrastructure development.
3. (C) The EU Troika will hold pre-visit consultations in Beijing Monday December 8 before proceeding to Pyongyang December 9. Pyongyang has proposed the following schedule to the EU:
December 10 -- Meeting with Protocol Vice FM Kung Sok Yung -- Political Dialogue session; DPRK officials unnamed -- Director Kim Chun Guk -- Visit to Piintec information technology project -- Meeting with the Vice President of the Presidaeum of the Supreme People's Assembly -- Meeting with General Ri Chan Bok -- Meeting with Song Kilnan -- Dialogue and reception with aid and humanitarian organizations
December 11 -- Briefing on the Pyongjsu pharmaceutical project -- Trip to Anju and Pukchang -- Meeting with FM Pak Man Sun -- Reception with DPRK officials
December 12 -- Drive to Seoul for consultations (the EU troika was given permission to drive across the DMZ).
Debriefing for U.S. in Seoul?
4. (C) When asked about the possibility of a post-trip debriefing for USG officials in Seoul, Hanses said that it sounded like a good idea and asked that we have Embassy Seoul coordinate with the Italian Embassy to see if it could be arranged. USEU believes this would be a valuable opportunity to get a first-hand account of the talks from EU participants while it is still fresh in their minds, and before they return to their offices in Rome, Dublin and Brussels. If desired, Embassy Seoul should contact the Italian Embassy in Seoul to arrange a meeting with the Troika on December 12.
EU Troika Participants
5. The Italian EU Presidency will be represented on the visit by Asia Director General Guido Martini. The upcoming Irish Presidency will be represented by Asia Director Cleona Mannehan. Deputy Director General Anastassios Vikas and Desk Officer Bruno Hanses will attend for the Council Secretariat. East Asia Director Percy Westerlund and Desk Officer Maria Castilo will represent the Commission.