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IdentifierCreatedClassificationOrigin
07USNATO405 2007-07-05 05:15:00 CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN Mission USNATO
Cable title:  

NAC-MOLDOVA CONSULTATIONS JULY 4 FOCUS ON

Tags:   PREL MARR KCFE NATO ML 
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VZCZCXRO3281
PP RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHLA RUEHMRE RUEHROV RUEHSR
DE RUEHNO #0405/01 1860515
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 050515Z JUL 07
FM USMISSION USNATO
TO RUEHCH/AMEMBASSY CHISINAU PRIORITY 0122
RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 1022
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUCNOSC/OSCE COLLECTIVE
					  C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 USNATO 000405 

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/04/2017
TAGS: PREL MARR KCFE NATO ML
SUBJECT: NAC-MOLDOVA CONSULTATIONS JULY 4 FOCUS ON
TRANSNISTRIA AND DEFENSE REFORM

REF: A. MOLDOVA'S IPAP DOCUMENT (E-MAILED TO EUR/RPM)

B. USNATO 013107

Classified By: Charge Ian Kelly for reasons 1.4 (b), (d).

SUMMARY
-------


1. (C) Molodvan FM Stratan and Acting DefMin Ion Coropcean
consulted with the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on Moldova's
Individual Partnership Action Plan July 4. NATO SYG de Hoop
Scheffer said that Moldova had made a good start, but
strategic concepts still needed to be defined to guide the
more intense implementation work to follow. Separatist
Transnistria drew considerable attention from the nuts and
bolts of defense reform issues, with Stratan calling for the
introduction of a civilian international mission under
international mandate. He, along with Allies, committed to
continue working through the "5 2" format (including the U.S.
and EU, along with the OSCE, Russia, Ukraine, and the two
parties to the dispute), and to continue to insist on the
withdrawal of Russian troops. End Summary.

FROM PLANNING TO IMPLEMENTATION


--------------------------




2. (C) NATO PermReps engaged Molodvan Foreign Minister
(Deputy Prime Minister) Andrei Stratan and Acting Defense
Minister Ion Coropcean on Moldova's Individual Partnership
Action Plan (IPAP - REF A) implementation on July 4. NATO
Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer recalled that

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Moldova's IPAP process began with President Voronin's meeting
with the NAC in June 2005, and that the current meeting drew
on the findings of a March 2007 NATO expert team's
assessments of the plan's implementation. (NOTE: Stratan
and then-DefMin Plesca last met with the NAC on January 31 -
REF B.) The SYG previewed the Moldovans' presentation by
noting that they had made a good start on the IPAP by setting
up requisite administrative structures and working on an
overarching National Security Concept (NSC), but that the NSC
still needed to be completed and the political will mobilized
to begin putting the ambitious plan into action.

FOCUS ON TRANSNISTRIA


--------------------------




3. (C) On Transnistria, FM Stratan thanked Allies for their
"support and cohesion" at the Vienna CFE Conference that had
"provided confidence to nations in the former Soviet space."
He pledged to keep pressing to address the issue through the
"5 2" framework (the U.S. and EU included as observers of the
"3 2" Russian, Ukrainian, and OSCE mediation of
Moldova-Transnistria negotiations). Stratan strongly denied
"rumors and hearsay" that Moldova was negotiating a bilateral
agreement with Russia on Transnistria. President Voronin's
meeting with President Putin had naturally addressed
Transnistria, he said, recalling that Voronin had briefed the
U.S., Russia, Ukraine, EU member states, and OSCE and COE
representatives on those talks on June 22. He said that
Moscow had agreed to convene the 5 2 "soon." In response to
numerous questions about possible peacekeeping formulae for
Transnistria, he specified that Moldova wanted to replace the
current Russian peacekeeping troops with "a civilian
international mission under international mandate."

IPAP IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES


--------------------------




4. (C) On the IPAP, he expressed satisfaction with NATO's
cooperation and regular, high-level consultations. He said
the IPAP process represented a clear political message of
Moldova's firm commitment to Euro-Atlantic integration and
that its defense structures would be "based on Western
standards" while "in conformity with Moldovan neutrality."
He insisted that Moldova's reforms were already irreversible.
Noting that it was the U.S. Independence Day, he expressed
appreciation for our "bilateral security and defense
assistance, constant support on Transnistria and other
problems." Stratan also acknowledged the support of the U.S.
Partnership Training Center in Monterey and bilateral
assistance from Latvia (a defense adviser), the UK (defense
equipment inventory), and the EU (energy and agriculture
support). Acknowledging that the NSC document which is to
underlie Moldova's national security and military strategies
had not been completed on schedule, he urged Allies "to avoid
reciprocal blaming" ) the only sour note in either of the
Ministers' presentations. A/DM Coropcean focused his remarks
on substantive issues of defense reform: the drafting of the
Strategic Defense Review, Moldova's initial participation in
the EUCOM-coordinated South East Europe Clearinghouse
mechanism, and advances in defense planning and budgeting
processes.

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U.S. ) HOLD THE COURSE, BUILD SOME STEAM


--------------------------




5. (C) Allied comments were positive but measured,
highlighting the substantial IPAP implementation work still
ahead for Moldova. U.S. Charge Ian Kelly saluted Moldova's
solidarity in Iraq, noting that it had recently dispatched
its fifth contingent of soldiers (eight engineers and three
staff officers taking part in explosives disposal
operations). He focused his comments on the need to
strengthen Moldova's commitment to defense reform and holding
the course on Transnistria.

ALLIES ) FOCUS ON TRANSNISTRIA


--------------------------




6. (C) Romania, representing NATO's Contact Point Embassy in
Moldova, said Moldova had "tested its capacity and will" in
the IPAP process and stressed that stronger political will
and high level engagement was necessary to move forward.
Romania called for placing priority on completing Moldova's
strategic planning documents and launching a public diplomacy
task force. (Romania has underwritten a NATO Information
Center to be opened in Chisinau this Autumn.) Spain,
speaking for the OSCE, commented on Moldova's electoral
performance, and probed for Moldovan ideas for replacing
current Transnistria peacekeeping arrangements. Germany
argued that there would be little utility in contemplating
changes in the current Transnistria peacekeeping force
without an overarching settlement of the dispute, and also
spotlighted the need to put more effort into combating
domestic corruption. The Czech Republic, Lithuania, Latvia,
Hungary, and Poland followed in similar veins. Stratan and
Coropcean addressed those and a range of more detailed
questions. The SYG concluded the meeting by pointing to the
genuine interest of Allies in Moldova's security concerns and
a call for vigorous action on defense reforms.
KELLY