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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
06NDJAMENA788
2006-06-05 14:26:00
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Embassy Ndjamena
Cable title:  

CHAD: UNDP ON POST-ELECTION "FRAMEWORK"

Tags:   PGOV  PREL  PHUM  KDEM  UNDP  CD 
pdf how-to read a cable
VZCZCXRO8110
PP RUEHGI
DE RUEHNJ #0788/01 1561426
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 051426Z JUN 06
FM AMEMBASSY NDJAMENA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3869
INFO RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA 1160
RUEHAR/AMEMBASSY ACCRA 0377
RUEHDS/AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA 0780
RUEHGI/AMEMBASSY BANGUI 1192
RUEHKH/AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM 0232
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 1427
RUEHNR/AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 0570
RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS 1819
RUEHYD/AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 1211
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA 0725
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0787
						UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 NDJAMENA 000788 

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
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PARIS AND LONDON FOR AFRICAWATCHERS, ACCRA FOR WARP;
NAIROBI FOR OFDA

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL PHUM KDEM UNDP CD
SUBJECT: CHAD: UNDP ON POST-ELECTION "FRAMEWORK"

REF: NDJAMENA 779



1. (SBU) Summary. United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
Resident Coordinator Amaning sees a two-month window for the
government and the opposition to agree to a framework for
shared supervision of political and economic reforms. He was
concerned that the government might succeed at co-opting
members of the opposition, thereby decreasing the pressure
for institutional reform. He intends to encourage President
Deby to seize the opportunity to leave a positive legacy, and
assure him that a credible reform package will garner
technical and financial support from the international
community. End summary.



2. (SBU) DCM and visiting S/CRS Director Janet Beik met with
UNDP Resident Coordinator Kingsley Amaning June 2 to further
develop the ideas for a post-election framework (floated
earlier during a lunch with visiting Deputy Assistant
Secretary Don Yamamoto). Amaning felt that the opposition was

SIPDIS
divided into two camps: the CPDC camp was disinterested in
elections; their goal was a national conference. FAR
president Youroungar, on the other hand, was focused on
holding proper elections. Amaning noted that the reason for
the difference of opinion was that Youroungar firmly believed
that he would do well in a free and fair election; the CPDC
on the other hand was not so confident. Amaning also shared
the concern expressed by French Ambassador Bercot (reftel)
that the opposition might find the temptation to make
personal deals too great. Amaning was concerned by the
corrosive impact this would have on the political system. He
emphasized that there should be no private deals. The goal
was not just power-sharing, but "responsible management of
power."



3. (SBU) Amaning's post-election framework includes: an
electoral system accepted by all participants, strengthening
of political parties in Chad and a mechanism for allowing
shared supervision of reforms in the armed forces, the
judiciary and the economic sector. He added as well the need
to work on restructuring of the civil service and
decentralization. Amaning noted that considerable work had
already been done on a number of these sectors (i.e, the
reports of the "Etats Generaux" on reform of the army and the
judiciary; existing UN work on decentralization and World
Bank and IMF work on economic reform.)



4. (SBU) Amaning discussed establishing a steering committee
for each reform group. Asked whether Chad would benefit from
a "Friends of Chad" group, Amaning opined that a donors'
support group would be helpful. Such a group could be
composed of the United States, France, the EU, Germany, the
UN and the African Union (AU).



5. (SBU) Amaning noted that he hoped to see President Deby
shortly. His pitch to the President will highlight the
positive legacy that President Deby was in a position to
leave if he chose to do so. He will encourage the President
to "take ownership" of the needed reforms and assure him that
the UN and the international community would be there to
support him financially and technically (with the caveat that
eventually Chad would need to use its own oil revenues as
well). According to Amaning, some of the younger and more
progressive members of Deby's group sought these reforms. He
mentioned Minister of Finance Tolli, and Minister of
Infrastructure Younousmi.

6.(SBU) Amaning cautioned that these plans needed to have
France on board. He felt that France was thinking too short
term -- focusing only on an opposition Prime Minister,
whereas reform of institutions and structures needed to be
considered as well. He was also concerned that cabinet
re-shuffling would be seen by participants as a purely
"commercial transaction" and would not require the government
to embark on the kind of reforms which were so urgently
needed. Queried about the views of the armed rebels on such
reforms, Amaning opined that if sufficient progress was being
made, the political opposition "could bring in the armed

NDJAMENA 00000788 002 OF 002


groups."



7. (SBU) In closing, Amaning stated that a "gentleman's
agreement" was needed sometime before the third week of June.
A formal process needed to be launched before the end of
June. Participants in the joint supervisory groups needed to
be sitting together by mid-July to agree to a program of
work. Before the mid-July, the President would also need to
have narrowed his choice for Prime Minister. Amaning
concluded by emphasizing that the President needed to
understand that his survival depended on political and policy
choices -- not just on his military ability.
WALL