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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
06DARESSALAAM1681
2006-10-12 13:53:00
CONFIDENTIAL
Embassy Dar Es Salaam
Cable title:  

TANZANIA CONDEMNS DPRK NUCLEAR TEST, SUPPORT FOR

Tags:   PREL  KN  PARM  KNNP  TZ 
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						C O N F I D E N T I A L DAR ES SALAAM 001681 

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DEPT FOR ISN, EAP AND IO
ALSO PLEASE PASS TO AF/E FOR B YODER

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/11/2011
TAGS: PREL KN PARM KNNP TZ
SUBJECT: TANZANIA CONDEMNS DPRK NUCLEAR TEST, SUPPORT FOR
CHAPTER VII NOT YET CLEAR

REF: STATE 169418

Classified By: Classified by D. Purnell Delly, Charge D'Affaires, for r
eason 1.4(d)



1. (C) SUMMARY. On October 11, the Charge d'Affaires
underscored to Ambassador Mulamula, Director of the
Multilateral Division at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the
grave threat posed by North Korea's recent nuclear test
(reftel). Ambassador Mulamula affirmed that the Government
of Tanzania (GOT) had denounced North Korea's test both
within the Security Council and publicly, through Tanzania's
local press. While Mulamula declined to express support for
a UN Security Council (UNSC) resolution based on Chapter VII,
she emphasized the GOT's commitment to a swift, strong
response, condemning North Korea's provocative act.
Ambassador Mulamula also expressed hope that the USG would
consider initiating bilateral talks with North Korea if all
else fails to resolve the crisis. END SUMMARY.

Tanzania Publicly Denounces North Korean Provocation


--------------------------



--------------------------




2. (C) Ambassador Mulamala said that in addition to
condemning the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea's (DPRK)
nuclear test in the Security Council, the GOT had also
publicly condemned North Korea's test on October 10 with a
front page press release in the Daily News (a local English
newspaper). The article quotes Tanzania's Minister of
Foreign Affairs, Dr. Asha Rose Migiro, stating, "Tanzania
would never approve Pyongyang's nuclear tests." Ambassador
Mulamula added that while the GOT's public condemnation was
clear, Tanzania's civil society was more divided on the
issue, with some voices defending North Korea's right to
defend itself.

Tanzania Committed to "Strong," Diplomatic Response


--------------------------



--------------------------




3. (C) The Charge d'Affaires underlined the grave threat
posed by North Korea's proliferation of ballistic missile
technology and now the possibility of nuclear arms
proliferation. While Ambassador Mulamula declined to support
the adoption of a UNSC resolution based on Chapter VII, she
said the GOT supported "strong measures to send a strong
message to the DPRK." While emphasizing that the UNSC needed
to adopt a firm action plan to condemn the DPRK's behavior,
she added that the approach would also have to ensure a
diplomatic path out of the crisis in the longer-term.



4. (C) Fearing that a total blockade, as supported by Japan,
would increase North Korea's defiance and "suffocate"
millions of innocent people, Ambassador Mulamula clarified
that the GOT supported "strong measures within allowable
limits." She then quoted Secretary Rice's commitment to a
diplomatic solution. Stressing the need for the Security
Council to take a stand with "teeth," the CDA repeated that
Chapter VII was necessary to ensure effective sanctions,
preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology.

...Hoping for Six Party Talks to Resume


--------------------------




5. (C) Ambassador Mulamula raised the possibility of resuming
Six Party Talks with North Korea or U.S.-DPRK bilateral
talks, perhaps through a proxy. She noted her belief that
the DPRK was seeking attention and that there were countries
such as China and the U.S. who had special leverage over
North Korea to advance negotiations. The CDA stressed that
the USG had made repeated overtures to resume multilateral
talks with the North Koreans but that the DPRK had refused to
take these offers seriously. He also emphasized that while
the USG had reaffirmed its commitment to defend Japan and
other allies in the region, that the risk of an arms race
could destabilize the East Asian region should North Korea
continue its pursuit of nuclear weapons. Giving her
assurances that the GOT would work with the USG to find a
solution, Ambassador Mulamula added that the GOT looked to
Washington for a way out of the crisis.

Comment:


--------------------------




6. (C) In the past the GOT has hesitated to make public
statements on controversial international issues such as Iran
or Iraq. The GOT's blunt public statement on North Korea in
the Daily News indicates that the GOT is seriously alarmed by
the DPRK's defiant actions. Although in favor of a decisive,
swift response, Ambassador Mulamula appeared unprepared to
comment on the adoption of a Chapter VII UNSC resolution at
this time. The GOT seems to view North Korea as a rational
actor seeking attention, and to fear the impact of a harsh

response on the impoverished North Korean people. Ambassador
Mulamula emphasized the GOT's hope that getting multilateral
talks back on track, or even resuming bilateral U.S.-North
Korean talks, could avert regional destabilization and help
alleviate the suffering of North Korean civilians. END
COMMENT.
DELLY