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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
06ABUJA798
2006-04-18 10:26:00
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Embassy Abuja
Cable title:  

DARFUR PEACE TALKS: TAHA REMAINS, AU PREPARING

Tags:   PGOV  PREL  PHUM  SU  NI  CD 
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VZCZCXRO6236
RR RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHPA RUEHROV
DE RUEHUJA #0798/01 1081026
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 181026Z APR 06
FM AMEMBASSY ABUJA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5189
INFO RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE
RUCNFUR/DARFUR COLLECTIVE
RUEHOS/AMCONSUL LAGOS 3788
						UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ABUJA 000798 

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

DEPARTMENT FOR AF, AF/SPG, D, INR, DRL, PRM

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL PHUM SU NI CD
SUBJECT: DARFUR PEACE TALKS: TAHA REMAINS, AU PREPARING
FINAL DOCUMENT

REF: ABUJA 772



1. (SBU) Summary: Sudanese Vice President Taha remains in
Abuja to continue consultations with the parties. JEM is
avoiding meeting Taha, but is complaining it is being left
out. His delegation may be augmented with the arrival of
Salah Gosh and Mutrif Sadiq. The African Union's Peace and
Security Council Commissioner reportedly directed the
mediation to give the power and wealth-sharing documents to
the parties this week. USDEL continues to work the parties
through differences over the cease-fire document. The final
security arrangements issues are about to be discussed.
Chad's mediation team left Abuja after its government severed
ties with Sudan. USDEL is encouraging the parties to
continue consultations with Taha and continues to bolster the
AU mediation's efforts to put the peace deal forward. End
Summary.

- - - - - - -
AU MEDIATION
- - - - - - -



2. (SBU) Prior to his departure for New York on April 15,
AU Special Envoy Salim Salim told USDEL that the entire peace
deal would be on the negotiating table by the end of the
week. On April 17, we heard that Peace and Security Council
Commissioner Djinnet directed the AU mediation to share the
power and wealth-sharing documents with the parties. USDEL
lawyer is working on power and wealth-sharing documents to
get them ready for distribution.

- - - - - - - - - -
CEASE-FIRE DOCUMENT
- - - - - - - - - -



3. (SBU) The drafting group on security arrangements met in
morning and evening sessions to push ahead on discussion of
cease-fire provisions regarding preparations and
disengagement. The biggest blocking point is the issue of
policing. The movements insist on recognition of authority
for their "police" and the government insisting on the
contrary. A secondary blockage is between the use of the
phrase "janjaweed/armed militia" (movements' position) vice
"janjaweed/outlaw militia" (government's position). The
movements claim that the government wants to water down every
reference to the janjaweed. The drafting group will meet
again this morning, possibly making progress through phase
two (redeployment). Movements refuse to go further without
tabling of texts on integration and demobilization.



4. (SBU) USDEL has updated earlier drafts on integration
and demobilization for the African Union so that they can be
presented today. Remaining security chapters could be tabled
as early as April 19. Some of the problems encountered, such
as the argument over policing or the differences on control
of the border, might be more amenable to solution in the
context of discussion on integration.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

GOS CONSULTATIONS WITH PARTIES
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -



5. (SBU) Meanwhile, Sudanese Vice President Ali Osman Taha
remains in Abuja and is continuing his consultations with
Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) leaders Minni Minnawi and
Abdelwahid Nur. The GOS describes Taha's meetings with Minni
and Abdelwahid as positive. Minni also described his initial
meeting with Taha as promising, but after subsequent meetings
wants Taha to be able to show more flexibility, particularly
on integration of his forces into the military. SPLM's
Malick Agar, working in coordination with Taha, is also
talking with Minni about realistic numbers of combatants to
be integrated. Abdelwahid and his representatives to the
various commissions said that Taha emphasized his commitment
to achieving a peace deal that is fair for all and will be
respected. Taha told Abdelwahid that the movements need to
view the peace talks in terms of how to position themselves
to fill the political vacuum that exists in Darfur. Taha
said that the Minister of Finance has instructions to work
with the Dutch on the Joint Assessment Mission which may be
set for late July and has allocated 100 million USD for water
projects in Darfur. The GOS accepts the principle of
compensation, but is against individual compensation. Taha
said that the GOS was not in favor of giving Darfur a Vice
Presidency, but instead a senior assistant to the President
position with real competencies. Members of Abdelwahid's
group said that though the GOS's position does not appear to

ABUJA 00000798 002 OF 002


have changed, they view continued discussions as useful.



6. (SBU) Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) has refused
Taha's invitations for a meeting, but publicly complains it
is being left out of discussions. JEM's excuses for refusing
Taha's overtures range from "short notice" to complaints
about the venue. JEM also issued a communique questioning
Taha's authority to make a peace deal. Khalil left for
N'Djamena on April 14. The international partners and SPLM
continue to urge JEM to see Taha.

- - - - - -
CHAD/SUDAN
- - - - - -



7. (SBU) Chad pulled out of the co-mediation at the talks
on April 17. Chad mediation team member Habib Doutom told
the international partners that Chad could not continue to
mediate a conflict within a country "with which we are at
war'. He said that the ongoing Sudanese aggression had made
Chad a party to the conflict. Doutom said that the Chadian
Government will not expel the Sudanese refugees if a UN force
can be raised to help protect them by June 30. The Chadian
Government can no longer protect the refugees from attacks or
forced recruitment into rebel forces. Chad will remain
engaged on resolving Darfur in other venues, through the
African Union and United Nations. In December, the Darfur
rebel movements had threatened to pull out of the peace talks
after the Sudanese-backed rebels attacked Adre. The April 13
attack has generated a lot of concern within SLM and JEM, but
not led to any threats of a walk-out. Khalil is in N'Djamena
reportedly to help Deby. SLM leaders are worry that Deby
will be overthrown, but are primarily concerned about the
well-being of their members in N'Djamena if Sudanese-backed
Tama or Arab rebels overrun the capital.

- - - - - - - - - -
COMINGS AND GOINGS
- - - - - - - - - -



8. (SBU) USDEL was told on April 17 that Sudanese
Intelligence Chief Salah Gosh and Mutrif Sadiq were arriving
in Abuja. Salim Salim is expected back April 21. JEM's
Khalil Ibrahim is in N'Djamena.

- - - -
COMMENT
- - - -



9. (SBU) Taha's continued presence is pushing the AU
mediation to get the deal put forward. USDEL will continue
narrowing the differences on the security issues in order to
make the potential trade-offs more clear to the parties in
anticipation of the final paper.
CAMPBELL