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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
05NDJAMENA791
2005-05-16 10:31:00
CONFIDENTIAL
Embassy Ndjamena
Cable title:  

SLM PLANS FOR DARFUR CONFERENCE

Tags:   PGOV  PHUM  PREF  KAWC  CD  SU 
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This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.


ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   AMAD-00  CIAE-00  INL-00   DODE-00  
      DOEE-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-00   FBIE-00  VC-00    H-00     
      TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    L-00     VCE-00   M-00     NEA-00   
      NRC-00   NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OES-00   OIC-00   OMB-00   NIMA-00  
      PA-00    GIWI-00  PRS-00   P-00     FMPC-00  SP-00    IRM-00   
      SSO-00   SS-00    STR-00   TRSE-00  SCRS-00  DSCC-00  PRM-00   
      DRL-00   G-00     SAS-00   SWCI-00    /000W
                  ------------------EF85A2  161032Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY NDJAMENA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 1588
INFO AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE
DARFUR COLLECTIVE
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USLO TRIPOLI
						C O N F I D E N T I A L  NDJAMENA 000791 

SIPDIS


DEPARTMENT FOR AF, AF/C, AF/SPG, D, DRL, H, INR, INR/GGI,
PRM, USAID/OTI AND USAID/W FOR DAFURRMT; LONDON AND PARIS
FOR AFRICAWATCHERS; GENEVA FOR CAMPBELL,
ADDIS/NAIROBI/KAMPALA FOR REFCOORDS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/04/2014
TAGS: PGOV PHUM PREF KAWC CD SU
SUBJECT: SLM PLANS FOR DARFUR CONFERENCE

Classified By: Politial/Economic Officer Kathleen FitzGibbon for reason
s 1.4 (b) and (d).



1. (C) Summary: The Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) appears
to be moving ahead with its plans to hold a meeting of its
members in Darfur to make leadership changes. The
long-awaited meeting may take place in three weeks time. SLM
members from Asmara and Nairobi began arriving in N'Djamena
to start making arrangements. The SLM's draft Constitution
contains provisions for a President, three Vice Presidents,
and 23 Executive Council members. SLM members in N'Djamena
outlined how they plan to ease Mini Minawi out of SLM's
decision-making structure. SLM members are requesting that
the international community weigh in with the Sudanese
Government to ensure their safety during the meeting at Jebel
Mara. End Summary.



2. (C) P/E officer met with thirty SLM members on May 10,
some of them N'Djamena-based but a large proportion are from
Asmara and Nairobi. Another house has been rented for them
while they prepare for a leadership meeting set to take place
in Jebel Mara in three weeks. Abdelwahid Nour and Mini
Minawi are expected in N'Djamena in the coming weeks. (Note:
We will believe it when we see it. End Note.) Dr. Sanusi,
in from Asmara, did most of the talking for the group, but
N'Djamena-based rebels appeared to agree with his statements,
many of which we have heard before.

- - - - - - - - - - - - -
PLANS FOR MOVING OUT MINI
- - - - - - - - - - - - -



3. (C) Dr. Sanusi argued that the majority of SLM members
have lost confidence in Mini Minawi's leadership abilities.
He said that Mini's military prowess and courage were
essential at the outset of the rebellion and the
decision-making structure then suited a small, mobile group
of men. However, SLM has grown tremendously and is entering
a new phase of its maturity which requires an accountable
leadership structure and well-defined political aims. Sanusi
said that the past year has demonstrated Mini's inability to
organize the movement. Moreover, it is clear to SLM members
that the gulf between Abdelwahid and Mini is unbridgeable.



4. (C) According to Sanusi, Mini's own tribal leaders will
be involved in his removal. One or two members of Mini's
inner circle will replace him in SLM's leadership structure.
P/E officer asked if Mini would be completely removed or
offered a face-saving position which gives him a title but
limits his ability to act on his own. Sanusi did not have an
answer. Abdelwahid would remain in the top echelons, but his
ability to act independently would be constrained. P/E
officer asked what incentive either Mini or Abdelwahid have
to come to a meeting at which their leadership will be
weakened. Sanusi said that the meeting will go ahead, with

or without them. He expects that Abdelwahid will attend.



5. (C) Sanusi and several other SLM members departed for
Libya on May 10. He said that the purpose of the meeting
with Qaddafi is to request that Libya stop interfering in the
movement, particularly that the Libyans not offer any more
money to its current leadership.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SLM'S PROPOSED CONSTITUTION
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -



6. (C) Sanusi gave P/E officer a copy of the SLM's
Constitution that will be considered at the Darfur meeting.
It states SLM's aims as: working toward a federal system of
government in Sudan under a secular constitution; to fight
against human rights violations, tribalism, sectionalism, and
sectarianism; the promotion of the rights of women and
children, and creation of an economic policy that realizes
sustainable development for all Sudanese.



7. (C) The "Supreme Authority" of SLM/A will be the National
Convention of delegates, comprised of representatives of the
branch committees and will meet every four years. The
National Convention will elect a President, three Vice
Presidents, and thirty-five others Executive Committee
members. The General Secretariat will be comprised of the

President, three Vice Presidents, Secretary General, and
secretaries fro Administration, Finance and Economic Affairs,

SIPDIS
Political Affairs, Foreign Relations, Education, Culture and
Youth Affairs, Information and Propaganda, Women and
Children's Affairs, Labor, Human Rights, and Social Affairs.
The President will preside over the meetings of the National
Convention, National Executive Committee, and the Secretariat
General. He will initiate policies and guide the party. He
shall assign duties to the Vice Presidents. One Vice
President will be appointed to act in absence of the
President.



8. (C) All SLM members are equal and allowed to cast votes
during elections of officials as long as they have paid their
monthly dues. All members will be expected to publicize
SLM's programs, attend village and branch meetings, and obey
branch committees.

- - - - - - - -
OUTREACH TO JEM
- - - - - - - -



9. (C) Sanusi said that after the SLM conference, its
leaders will meet with the Justice and Equality Movement
(JEM). However, he noted that Dr. Khalil Ibrahim's Islamic
agenda does not fit with SLM's goals. SLM can move forward
without Khalil and will likely enter in discussions with
former JEM field commander Mohammed Saleh about joining SLM
or allying with it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
REQUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -



10. (C) SLM is worried that the Government of Sudan will
take advantage of the gathering of its membership in Darfur
to attack them at Jebel Mara. Dr. Sanusi asked if the
international community and the African Union could pressure
the GOS not to attack SLM during their conference. Sanusi
also welcomed any type of logistics assistance the
international community can provide. He noted that the
Chadian Government will allow SLM members to cross the border.

- - - -
COMMENT
- - - -



11. (C) The Chadians have expected Abdelwahid and Mini in
N'Djamena since March, and SLM members have talked about the
need for an organizational conference since last year.
However, the arrival of the conference "advance" team in
N'Djamena and holding of committee meetings are indications
that it may actually come off sometime in the next month.
Rank-and-file members insist the SLM's leadership problem
must be settled prior to returning to Abuja, regardless of
what Abdelwahid or Mini say.



12. (U) Khartoum and Tripoli Minimize Considered.
WALL


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