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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
05NDJAMENA20
2005-01-06 11:59:00
UNCLASSIFIED
Embassy Ndjamena
Cable title:  

AMBASSADOR'S FY 2005 DISASTER DECLARATION: IMPACT

Tags:   EAID  PREF  CD  SU 
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This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

061159Z Jan 05

ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  AID-00   AMAD-00  CA-00    COME-00  
      CTME-00  INL-00   EB-00    EUR-00   E-00     UTED-00  FDRE-01  
      TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NEA-00   NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OIC-00   
      OIG-00   OMB-00   NIMA-00  EPAU-00  MCC-00   PER-00   GIWI-00  
      IRM-00   STR-00   TRSE-00  FMP-00   EPAE-00  SCRS-00  ADF-00   
      PRM-00   SAS-00     /001W
                  ------------------9FD1F2  061209Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY NDJAMENA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0711
INFO AMEMBASSY BAMAKO 
AMEMBASSY DAKAR 
AMEMBASSY KAMPALA 
AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE
						UNCLAS  NDJAMENA 000020 

SIPDIS


USAID/W FOR RMT AND DCHA/OFDA
STATE FOR AF/C, AF/EPS AND PRM
DAKAR AND NAIROBI FOR USAID/RFFPO
ROME FOR FODAG
GENEVA FOR RMA

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: EAID PREF CD SU
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR'S FY 2005 DISASTER DECLARATION: IMPACT
OF SUDAN REFUGEES IN EASTERN CHAD

REF: A. A) 04 STATE 207288


B. B) 04 NDJAMENA 0957



1. This is an action cable. Please see para 8.



2. Disaster Determination. Under Section 062, Volume 2 of
the Foreign Affairs Manual, I hereby determine that the
Republic of Chad is suffering from a disaster which exceeds
the host country's ability to provide an adequate response,
that the host country has specifically requested donor
support and has demonstrated its willingness to accept USG
assistance, and that it is in the interest of the USG to
respond.



3. Background. Since April 2003, more than 200,000 Sudanese
from the western Darfur region have fled their villages and
sought refuge in eastern Chad. A massive assistance program
coordinated by the UNHCR has been organized, resulting in the
successful relocation of refugees to ten refugee camps
established at least 50 km from the border, and one transit
camp. The U.S. is the lead donor in a multidonor effort,
having provided a total of $75.6 million during FY 2004-05.
Camp conditions are not yet uniformly meeting international
minimum standards for caloric intake, potable water,
immunization and number of children per teacher, but the
situation has steadily improved. Following a five-month
blanket supplementary feeding program for children under five
and pregnant/lactating mothers, global malnutrition rates
dropped from 35.6 percent (CDC) in June to 17.4%
(MSF/Holland) at the end of December. The availability of
water has been a major obstacle to the sustainability of camp
operations and continues to pose serious problems which may
result in relocation of some refugees to new camps further
inland where water availability is less problematic.



4. Despite recognition on the part of the host country,
donors and the NGO community as early as December 2003 that
the impact of successive waves of refugees from the Darfur
would be deleterious to Chad's rural populations in the
border area, little has been done to offset the negative
effects resulting from increased demand placed on a fragile
environment and on a resilient, but resource-strapped
population. The Embassy therefore issued a disaster
declaration in June 2004 (Ref B) which focused on water
shortages faced by the local population, with the objective
of increasing both the quantity and the quality of potable
water. The cabled funding request for installation of thirty
wells was put on hold pending a formal assessment of the
water/sanitation situation by an OFDA consultant; the cabled
funding request to improve water quality by providing water
purification kits and hand soap through UNICEF was approved.
Despite completion of the water/san assessment in August,
funding for the wells was not forthcoming; conversely, for

the sanitation component, UNICEF completed procurement of the
water purification kits/hand soap and supervised their
distribution to the local population through NGO camp
managers. Meanwhile, the U.N. system has become increasingly
attuned to the need for assisting host country populations
and has developed and included 63 project summaries which
have been incorporated into its 2005 Consolidated Appeal to
the donor community. In addition, the World Food Program
conducted November 17-26, 2004 a rapid food needs assessment
of host populations in the east, resulting in a series of
recommendations to include targeted free distribution to the
most vulnerable groups, school feeding, a program to assist
with seed distribution, and a set of Food for Work activities
all focusing on the local population.



5. Objectives:

a) The current disaster declaration is to draw attention to
the dramatic situation faced by Chad's rural populations in
the refugee-affected border region and to initiate an
immediate relief program which will be implemented in the
form of Food for Work activities in collaboration with the
non-governmental organization, ACTED, and with the World Food
Program (WFP) which will provide the food rations. The
Ambassador's disaster authority of $50,000 will be used to


provide ancillary inputs to Food for Work activities
undertken by the local population, with supervision from
ACTED, in the Bahai region where the Oure Cassonitransit
camp has been located. Funding not to ecee $50,000 will be
granted to ACTED by the Embssy for the procurement of tools,
supplies and lmited technical assistance required to
implement set of Food for Work activiies recommended by
WFP. Typical projects would include environmental protection
(creation of tree nurseries and outplanting), construction of
water retention infrastructure (check dams and ponds), rural
road and airstrip repair, and well digging. An ACTED
technician is currently in the east attempting to define in
more detail the FFW activities (locales, numbers of
participants, costs). The grant agreement will include a
site listing of the activities to be undertaken and a line
item budget.

b) It is envisaged that additional relief activities will be
submitted by the NGO community directly to OFDA also
benefiting the local population. This will be separate from
the Ambassador's disaster authority of $50,000.



6. Target Population. There are an estimated 722,247
Chadians living in the six departments where Sudanese
refugees have been relocated:

Department Chadian Region Sudanese camps
Population

Ennedi est 28,247 B.E.T Oure Cassoni
Kobe 44,681 Wadi Fira Iridimi/Touloum/Am
Nabak
Dar Tama 73,625 Wadi Fira Kounoungo/Mile
Ouaddai 233,931 Ouaddai
Assongha 160,007 Ouaddai
Farchana/Bredjing/Treguine
Sila 181,756 Ouaddai Goz Amer/Djabal

Total 722,247

The proposed free distribution recommended by WFP for the
local population in these departments will target 117,200
persons. In addition, an estimated 32,000 Chadian children
will be fed in the school feeding program. The FFW planning
document included in the rapid food needs assessment projects
3,600 participating households (approx. 18,000 persons). WFP
anticipates collaboration on FFW activities with several
NGOs, including ACTED for the northern Ennedi Est (Bahai)
department.



7. GOC Request for Assistance. An appeal for disaster
assistance following a massive refugee influx from Darfur was
first transmitted by the Government of Chad to the diplomatic
corps February 6, 2004. In the appeal, reference is made to
the negative effect of refugees on the local population.
Since then, there have been numerous demarches made on behalf
of the GOC to the Embassy and other donors for the provision
of relief for local populations. Chad's President declared
to a visiting CODEL December 10 that the economic and
environmental toll being taken as a result of the refugee
crisis was "catastrophic," urging that action be taken to
redress current imbalances. Similar messages have been
conveyed by Chadian authorities to Embassy personnel on a
regular basis for more than a year. When the PRM/DAS visited
the border area in January 2004, local authorities were
already drawing attention to the negative impact of refugees
and the need to provide assistance to host populations. The
drafting of a U.N. Consolidated Appeal for FY 2005 is in
recognition of this.



8. Action requested. Embassy requests a fund cite for
$50,000 which will be granted to ACTED for the organization
and supervision of FFW activities implemented by the Chadian
population in refugee-impacted zones. Upon receipt of the
fund cite, Embassy will draft and sign the grant instrument,
after which the obligating document will be sent to
USAID/OFDA for recording.




9. Please advise.
CASEBEER


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