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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
03KHARTOUM374
2003-04-30 16:34:00
CONFIDENTIAL
Embassy Khartoum
Cable title:  

RETURN OF SUDANESE BA'ATHISTS

Tags:   PREL  PTER  IZ  SU 
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P 301634Z APR 03
FM AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY
CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
DIA WASHDC PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY AMMAN PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY ASMARA PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY CAIRO PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY DJIBOUTI PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY KUWAIT PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS PRIORITY
HMSNG WASHINGTON DC//DIA WASHINGTON DC/DHO-7// PRIORITY
USCINCEUR INTEL VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ2/ECJ3/ECJ5// PRIORITY
JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK//DOOC/HSE// PRIORITY
USCINCTRANS INTEL CEN SCOTT AFB IL//J2-J/HSE// PRIORITY
COMSOCCENT MACDILL AFB FL//SOCJ2/HSE// PRIORITY
COMUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2// PRIORITY
USSTRATCOM OFFUTT AFB NE//J5/J2/HSE// PRIORITY
US SURVEY DIV SHAPE BE PRIORITY
CDRUSAREUR DCSINT HEIDELBERG GE//AEAGB-IAD// PRIORITY
UDITDUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE PRIORITY
USAREUR ACE DARMSTADT GE PRIORITY
JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC//J2/J5-EUR// PRIORITY
NGIC INTEL OPS CHARLOTTESVILLE VA//IANG FMC// PRIORITY
NGIC INTEL OPS CHARLOTTESVILLE VA//IANG FMC// PRIORITY
SECDEF WASHDC//OASD-ISA// PRIORITY
DIRNSA FT GEORGE G MEADE MD//M112/S512HT// PRIORITY
CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL//CCJ2-JCH/HSE// PRIORITY
CDR USSOCOM MACDILL AFB FL//SOJ2/HSE// PRIORITY
CDRJSOC FT BRAGG NC//J2/HSE// PRIORITY
DIA WASHINGTON DC//IZTF// PRIORITY
USDAO NAIROBI KE PRIORITY
USDAO ADDIS ABABA ET PRIORITY
USDAO ASMARA ER PRIORITY
CJTF HOA PRIORITY
HMSNG WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
SAFE WASHDC PRIORITY
						C O N F I D E N T I A L KHARTOUM 00374 

E.O. 12958; DECL: 4/29/2013;
TAGS: PREL PTER IZ SU
SUBJECT: RETURN OF SUDANESE BA'ATHISTS

REF: KHARTOUM 317

CLASSIFIED BY LAUREL STEELE, POLITICAL OFFICER, REASONS 1.5 B, D



1. (C) OVER 80 MEMBERS OF THE SUDANESE BA'ATH PARTY HAVE
RETURNED FROM IRAQ TO SUDAN IN THE LAST TWO WEEKS. THE MOST
PROMINENT SUDANESE BA'ATHIST AND FOUNDER OF THE PARTY IN SUDAN,
BADR-ADDIN MUDATHIR, RETURNED, POST WAS TOLD, ON PRESIDENT OMAR
AL-BASHIR'S PLANE FROM SYRIA, LANDING AT KHARTOUM'S MILITARY
AIRPORT TEN DAYS AGO. HIS RETURN WAS REPORTED IN THE PRESS,
ALTHOUGH NO DETAILS WERE GIVEN.



2. (C) ANOTHER RETURNING SUDANESE REPORTED TO POST THAT SOME
SUDANESE IN IRAQ HAD BEEN SHOT BY ANTI-SADDAM IRAQIS IN THE
AFTERMATH OF THE US. INVASION. OTHERS HAD FLED TO REFUGEE CAMPS
ON THE IRAQ/SYRIA BORDER. PRESIDENT BASHIR HAD VISITED SYRIA TO
HELP FACILITATE THEIR DEPARTURE.



3. (C) THE GOVERNMENT HAS REPORTEDLY ALLOWED THE RETURN OF THE
SUDANESE BA'ATHISTS ON THE CONDITION THAT THEY NOT TAKE PART IN
ANY POLITICAL ACTIVITY HERE. THE GOS IS LEERY OF PUBLIC
EXPRESSION OF ANTI-US OR ANTI-BRITISH FEELINGS. IN THE BUILDUP
TO THE IRAQ WAR, BA'ATHISTS WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANTI-GOVERNMENT
GRAFFITI. NINE LOCAL BA'ATHISTS WERE ARRESTED AND ARE STILL IN
JAIL. MUDATHIR HIMSELF IS IN HIS SEVENTIES AND ILL, AND
PRESUMABLY PRESENTS LITTLE PROBLEM TO THE GOS.



4. (U) BACKGROUND: THE BA'ATH PARTY IN SUDAN HAS ALWAYS BEEN
SMALL, WITH PROBABLY NO MORE THAN 1,000 MEMBERS. BUT BECAUSE
IRAQ BACKED IT FINANCIALLY, THERE WAS ALWAYS THE POSSIBILITY OF
THE SUDANESE BA'ATH PARTY HAVING AN IMPACT THAT BELIED ITS
MEAGER NUMBERS. THE PARTY RECRUITED HEAVILY AMONG STUDENTS
(OFFERING SCHOLARSHIPS TO IRAQ) AND IN PERIPHERAL AREAS, LIKE
NUBA, AND AMONG THE AFRICAN TRIBES. IN 1990, 26 BA'ATHIST
MILITARY OFFICERS WERE EXECUTED IN KHARTOUM AFTER AN
UNSUCCESSFUL COUP ATTEMPT.


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