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Identifier
Created
Classification
Origin
03BRUSSELS5510
2003-12-05 14:12:00
CONFIDENTIAL
Embassy Brussels
Cable title:  

EU TROIKA DEC 9-12 VISIT TO PYONGYANG

Tags:   PREL  PHUM  PARM  KNNP  EAID  KS  CH  KN  EUN  USEU  BRUSSELS 
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						C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 BRUSSELS 005510 

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/05/2013
TAGS: PREL PHUM PARM KNNP EAID KS CH KN EUN USEU BRUSSELS
SUBJECT: EU TROIKA DEC 9-12 VISIT TO PYONGYANG

REF: ROME 5184

Classified By: USEU poloff Van Reidhead for reasons 1.5 (b) and (d)

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 BRUSSELS 005510

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/05/2013
TAGS: PREL PHUM PARM KNNP EAID KS CH KN EUN USEU BRUSSELS
SUBJECT: EU TROIKA DEC 9-12 VISIT TO PYONGYANG

REF: ROME 5184

Classified By: USEU poloff Van Reidhead for reasons 1.5 (b) and (d)


1. (C) Summary. Senior EU officials will visit Pyongyang
December 9-12 to convey EU support for the Six Party Talks;
EU interest in improving ROK-DPRK relations in order to
coordinate peninsular development; the need to respect human
rights; and the need to begin a process of economic reforms.
The visiting EU "Troika" will be led by Italian Asia Director
General Guido Martini (other EU participants listed para 5).
Pyongyang's draft schedule for the EU centers on a "Political
Dialogue" meeting with not-yet-named officials. The EU
Troika will also meet with FM Pak Man Sun, Vice FM Kung Sok
Yung, General Ri Chan Bok, among others. The Troika will
round out its trip with visits to an information technology
project and a pharmaceutical joint venture, and will hold
consultations with aid organizations. They will wrap ut the
trip with consultations in Seoul, and would be open to
debriefing US Embassy officials (see para 4). End summary.

-------------- ---
EU to Focus on Six Party Talks, Economic Reform,
Peninsula Development, Human Rights
-------------- ---


2. (C) Poloff discussed the EU visit to Pyongyang with
Council Secretariat trip participant Bruno Hanses December
4-5. According to Hanses, the EU wants to deliver four
strong messages to the North Koreans:

-- On the DPRK's nuclear weapons program, the EU will say
that it shares fully the concerns of the U.S. and
International Community, and that it supports the Six Party
talks aimed at reversing North Korean nuclear ambitions. The
EU is keen for Pyongyang to understand that European concerns
about the situation are serious and indigenous, and not just
a reflection of U.S. concerns. The EU will be willing to
engage with Pyongyang at a more substantive level only when

the current situation is resolved. Hanses said the EU wants
to lend its full support to the Six Party talks, while at the
same time "absolutely avoiding any impression of having a
mediating role." The visiting Troika intends to press firmly
for DPRK cooperation in the Six Party context, but will not
offer any mediating or facilitating services.

-- On economic reform, the EU will continue its push for
Pyongyang to take meaningful steps to reform its economy and
liberalize its markets. The EU will encourage the DPRK to
speed up its reform efforts by cooperating with the ROK on
liberalizing projects and policies. Hanses reported that the
EU is also considering the idea of offering technical
assistance on economic reform to Pyongyang, if and when the
nuclear situation is resolved. Hanses described it as a
preliminary idea for EU assistance in the future, pending
positive developments on the ground. He said the EU will
not/not broach the subject with the North Koreans during the
December 9-12 visit.

-- The EU wants to add human rights to the agenda of the
December 9-12 talks, but Hanses reports that Pyongyang has
not responded to the request. If human rights make the
agenda, the EU will push for North Korea to sign up to
international human rights conventions and begin
demonstrating greater respect for human rights in general.
The Troika will also press Pyongyang on allowing UN Human
Rights Rapporteurs to have access to the country.

-- The EU will press for greater DPRK-ROK coordination on
"development of the peninsula," to include such things as
economic liberalization, humanitarian activities, and
infrastructure development.

--------------
Draft Schedule
--------------


3. (C) The EU Troika will hold pre-visit consultations in
Beijing Monday December 8 before proceeding to Pyongyang
December 9. Pyongyang has proposed the following schedule to
the EU:

December 10
-- Meeting with Protocol Vice FM Kung Sok Yung
-- Political Dialogue session; DPRK officials unnamed
-- Director Kim Chun Guk
-- Visit to Piintec information technology project
-- Meeting with the Vice President of the Presidaeum of the
Supreme People's Assembly
-- Meeting with General Ri Chan Bok
-- Meeting with Song Kilnan
-- Dialogue and reception with aid and humanitarian
organizations

December 11
-- Briefing on the Pyongjsu pharmaceutical project
-- Trip to Anju and Pukchang
-- Meeting with FM Pak Man Sun
-- Reception with DPRK officials

December 12
-- Drive to Seoul for consultations (the EU troika was given
permission to drive across the DMZ).

--------------
Debriefing for U.S. in Seoul?
--------------


4. (C) When asked about the possibility of a post-trip
debriefing for USG officials in Seoul, Hanses said that it
sounded like a good idea and asked that we have Embassy Seoul
coordinate with the Italian Embassy to see if it could be
arranged. USEU believes this would be a valuable opportunity
to get a first-hand account of the talks from EU participants
while it is still fresh in their minds, and before they
return to their offices in Rome, Dublin and Brussels. If
desired, Embassy Seoul should contact the Italian Embassy in
Seoul to arrange a meeting with the Troika on December 12.

--------------
EU Troika Participants
--------------


5. The Italian EU Presidency will be represented on the visit
by Asia Director General Guido Martini. The upcoming Irish
Presidency will be represented by Asia Director Cleona
Mannehan. Deputy Director General Anastassios Vikas and Desk
Officer Bruno Hanses will attend for the Council Secretariat.
East Asia Director Percy Westerlund and Desk Officer Maria
Castilo will represent the Commission.

Foster