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IdentifierCreatedClassificationOrigin
01HARARE1257 2001-04-06 09:27:00 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Harare
Cable title:  

ROAD MAP FOR IMPROVING ZIMBABWE-U.S. RELATIONSHIP

Tags:   PREL PGOV KDEM PINS ZI 
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                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6199

PAGE 01        HARARE  01257  01 OF 03  060924Z 
ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00  INL-00   USNW-00  
      DODE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    FBIE-00  VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   
      VCE-00   DCP-01   NSAE-00  IRM-00   SS-00    DSCC-00  DRL-02   
      NFAT-00  SAS-00     /003W
                  ------------------DC3FD6  060925Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8598
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI
					  C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 HARARE 001257 

SIPDIS

NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR JENDAYI FRAZER
LONDON FOR GURNEY
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS
NAIROBI FOR PFLAUMER
USAID FOR AA/AFR, VDICKSON-HORTON, AFR/SA, CPALMA

E.O. 12958: DECL. 04/06/11
TAGS: PREL PGOV KDEM PINS ZI
SUBJECT: ROAD MAP FOR IMPROVING ZIMBABWE-U.S. RELATIONSHIP

CLASSIFIED BY CHARGE D'AFFAIRES EARL IRVING. REASONS: 1.5
(B) AND (D).

CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 02 HARARE 01257 01 OF 03 060924Z
SUMMARY AND INTRODUCTION
------------------------



1. (C) THE IMPENDING ARRIVAL OF A NEW ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE
FOR AFRICA PROVIDES AN EXCELLENT OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE STOCK OF OUR
RELATIONSHIP ITH ZIMBABWE. THAT RELATIONSHIP HAS DETERIORATED
BADLY AS THE CURRENT GOVERNMENT HAS INCREASINGLY ELIED ON VIOLENCE
AND INTIMIDATION TO PRESERVE IS HOLD ON POWER AND HAS DRIVEN A
ONCE-PROMISING CONOMY INTO THE GROUND. CAUGHT IN A PAN-
AFRICAIST TIME WARP, THE PRESENT LEADERSHIP SEEM CLUELES ABOUT
HOW THEY COME OFF TO US AND WHAT THEY MUS DO TO REVERSE ZIMBABWE'S
INTERNATIONAL ISOLATION. UNDER THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, WE BELIEVE
THERE IS VALUE IN DEVELOPING A DIPLOMATIC "ROADMAP" WHICH SPELLS
OUT THE STEPS PRESIDENT MUGABE AND HIS GOVERNMENT MUST TAKE IN
ORDER TO EXTRICATE THEMSELVES FROM THE CURRENT MESS AND IMPROVE
THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE UNITED STATES.



2. (C) TOWARD THAT END, WE HAVE ATTEMPTED IN THIS CABLE TO DISTILL
OUR CONCERNS ABOUT THE CURRENT STATE OF AFFAIRS IN ZIMBABWE INTO A
LIST OF SPECIFIC, ACHIEVABLE ACTIONS THE GOZ MUST TAKE IN THE SHORT
TERM IF IT WANTS TO IMPROVE ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH US. AS WE
ENVISION IT, THE ROADMAP COULD BE PRESENTED AS A NON-PAPER TO
PRESIDENT MUGABE, FOREIGN MINISTER MUDENGE, OR ANOTHER SENIOR
OFFICIAL, AND WOULD SUBSEQUENTLY GUIDE OUR DIPLOMATIC ENGAGEMENT
WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE. THE GOZ MAY BE DISMISSIVE OF SUCH
AN EFFORT ON OUR PART, BUT WE BELIEVE THERE IS VALUE NONETHELESS IN
MAKING ABSOLUTELY CLER THE SPECIFIC ACTIONS WE CONSIDER
PREREQUISITESTO AN IMPROVED RELATIONSHIP. WE REALIZE THAT
PRESENTING THE GOZ WITH A MERE LIST OF DEMANDS IS PROBABLY NOT THE
MOST CONSTRUCTIVE APPROACH. THE ROADMAP SHOULD ALSO LAY OUT
PARTICULAR PRESSURES AND INCENTIVES THAT THE UNITED STATES IS
CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 03 HARARE 01257 01 OF 03 060924Z
PREPARED TO UTILIZE IN OUR EFFORT TO ELICIT A POSITIVE CHANGE IN
POLICY AND BEHAVIOR.



3. (C) WE HOPE THE TALKING POINTS RECOMMENDED BELOW MIGHT ALSO BE
HELPFUL TO A/S-DESIGNATE KANSTEINER IN HIS SENATE CONFIRMATION
HEARINGS, WHERE WE ASSUME HE WILL BE ASKED WHAT HE PLANS TO DO
ABOUT ZIMBABWE'S RECALCITRANT LEADER. END SUMMARY AND
INTRODUCTION.

SUGGESTED SUBSTANCE OF ROAD MAP


--------------------------





4. (C) WE PROVIDE BELOW RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE CATEGORIES (AND
SPECIFIC TALKING POINTS) WHICH MIGHT FORM THE SUBSTANCE OF A
ROADMAP, AS WELL AS SUGGESTIONS OF POSSIBLE STICKS AND CARROTS. WE
WOULD WELCOME THE DEPARTMENT'S FEEDBACK, BOTH ON THE ROADMAP
CONCEPT AND OUR SUGGESTED SUBSTANCE. WE HAVE NOT ADDRESSED
TIMELINES OR THE QUESTION OF WHICH GOZ ACTIONS MIGHT ELICIT WHICH
REACTIONS FROM US, LEAVING SUCH REFINEMENT UP TO THE DEPARTMENT AND
THE INTERAGENCY DECISION-MAKING PROCESS.

RULE OF LAW


--------------------------



-- REIN IN THE WAR VETERANS AND ZANU-PF SUPPORTERS WHO ARE CURRENTLY
BEING ALLOWED TO TERRORIZE ZIMBABWEAN CITIZENS -- FARMERS, FARM
WORKERS, TEACHERS, JUDGES, JOURNALISTS, BUSINESS OWNERS, AND
ANYONE SUSPECTED OF SUPPORTING THE OPPOSITION. ARREST AND
PROSECUTE THEIR LEADERS.

-- DISCONTINUE DEPLOYMENT OF SECURITY FORCES IN HARARE'S HIGH-
CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 04 HARARE 01257 01 OF 03 060924Z
DENSITY SUBURBS, WHERE THEY HAVE BEEN OBSERVED BEATING SUSPECTED
OPPOSITION SUPPORTERS.

-- REVOKE THE OCTOBER 6, 2000 STATUTORY INSTRUMENT GRANTING AMNESTY
TO MANY OF THE PERPETRATORS OF LAST YEAR'S PRE-ELECTION VIOLENCE.

-- CONDEMN THE MURDERS COMMITTED IN THE RUN-UP TO -- AND AFTERMATH
OF -- THE JUNE 2000 PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. COMMIT THE
RESOURCES NECESSARY TO BRING TOJUSTICE AS MANY SUSPECTS AS
POSSIBLE (THE PERPETATORS IN MANY OF THESE CASES ARE WELL-KNOWN
BUT CNTINUE TO CIRCULATE FREELY IN THEIR COMMUNITIES).

-- SENIOR OFFICIALS ISSUE PUBLIC STATEMENTS AFFIRMING THE
GOVERNMENT'S RESPECT FOR AND INTENTION TO ABIDE IN LETTER AND
SPIRIT BY THE RULE OF LAW.

-- ARREST AND TRY THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE JANUARY 28 BOMBING OF
THE "DAILY NEWS" PRINTING PRESS.

-- CEASE IMMEDIATELY THE HARASSMENT AND INTIMIDATION OF WITNESSES
WHO HAVE TESTIFIED OR PLAN TO TESTIFY IN THE MDC'S LEGAL
CHALLENGES OF THE ELECTION RESULTS IN 37 PARLIAMENTARY

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL PTQ6200

PAGE 01 HARARE 01257 02 OF 03 060925Z
ACTION AF-00

INFO LOG-00 NP-00 AID-00 ACQ-00 CIAE-00 INL-00 USNW-00
DODE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00 FBIE-00 VC-00 TEDE-00 INR-00
VCE-00 DCP-01 NSAE-00 IRM-00 SS-00 DSCC-00 DRL-02
NFAT-00 SAS-00 /003W


--------------------------

DC3FE7 060925Z /38
P 060927Z APR 01
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8599
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 03 HARARE 001257

SIPDIS

NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR JENDAYI FRAZER
LONDON FOR GURNEY
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS
NAIROBI FOR PFLAUMER
USAID FOR AA/AFR, VDICKSON-HORTON, AFR/SA, CPALMA

E.O. 12958: DECL. 04/06/11
TAGS: PREL PGOV KDEM PINS ZI
SUBJECT: ROAD MAP FOR IMPROVING ZIMBABWE-U.S. RELATIONSHIP

CONSTITUENCIES.

-- HALT THE PRACTICE OF "RENTING OUT" WAR VETERANS TO SETTLE LABOR
CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 02 HARARE 01257 02 OF 03 060925Z
OR PERSONAL DISPUTES.

-- CLEARLY INSTRUCT LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL TO ARREST AND BRING TO
BOOK THE PERPETRATORS OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE
LAND OCCUPATIONS -- STEALING OF FENCES, IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, AND
CROPS, AND EVICTING FARM WORKERS FROM THEIR HOMES.

-- ABIDE BY ALL COURT RULINGS, PAST AND FUTURE.

DEMOCRATIZATION


--------------------------



-- FACILITATE THE ISSUANCE OF LICENSES TO INDEPENDENT RADIO
BROADCASTERS WELL IN ADVANCE OF THE UPCOMING PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTION.

-- DEMONSTRATE COMMITMENT TO A FREE AND FAIR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
BY WELCOMING TE PARTICIPATION OF INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC
OBERVERS AND FACILITATING THEIR ACCREDITATION IN A RASONABLE
TIMEFRAME.

-- PUBLISH THE VOTERS ROLLWELL IN ADVANCE OF THE ELECTION.

-- ABIDE BY THE RESULTS OF A FREE AND FAIR ELECTION AND ALLOW THE
WINNER -- WHOEVER IT IS -- TO ASSUME OFFICE.

-- ISSUE A PUBLIC STATEMENT EXPRESSING THE GOVERNMENT'S COMMITMENT
TO THE SEPARATION OF POWERS, INCLUDING INDEPENDENCE OF THE
JUDICIARY, AND PUT AN END TO RHETORICAL AND PHYSICAL INTIMIDATION
OF JUDGES.

CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 03 HARARE 01257 02 OF 03 060925Z
-- ACCEPT PUBLICLY THE NCA'S EFFORT TO SECURE BROAD GRASS-ROOTS
SUPPORT FOR A NEW CONSTITUTION AND TO ORGANIZE A REFERENDUM, BUT
REFRAIN FROM ATTEMPTS TO ASSERT CONTROL OVER THE PROCESS.

LAND


--------------------------



-- RETURN TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE WITH ALL STAKEHOLDERS TO SEEK
AGREEMENT ON A LEGAL, TRANSPARENT, AND EQUITABLE LAND REFORM
PROGRAM.

SPECIFIC INTERIM STEPS THEGOVERNMENT COULD TAKE:

-- EXPRESS PUBLIC COMMITENT TO PROTECT PRIVATE PROPERTY RIGHTS.

-- DEVEOP A COMPENSATION PLAN ACCEPTABLE TO FARM OWNERS FO THE
IMMEDIATE PURCHASE OF COMMERCIAL FARMS THATHAVE BEEN OFFERED FOR
RESETTLEMENT.

-- TRANSFR SQUATTERS OCCUPYING COMMERCIAL FARMS TO FARMS WHCH HAVE
BEEN OFFERED FOR RESETTLEMENT AND PURCHAED BY THE GOVERNMENT.

-- PROVIDE THOSE WHO ARE RSETTLED LEGALLY WITH THE NECESSARY
INFRASTRUCTUR, INPUTS, AND TRAINING TO BECOME PRODUCTIVE
FARMRS.

ECONOMIC REFORMS


--------------------------



-- RENGAGE IN A MEANINGFUL, PRODUCTIVE DIALOGUE WITH TE WORLD
BANK, THE IMF, AND SIMILAR MULTILATERAL ISTITUTIONS.
CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 04 HARARE 01257 02 OF 03 060925Z

-- DEVISE AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES INENDED TO RECAPTURE INVESTOR
CONFIDENCE AND ADDRES SOME OF THE PRINCIPAL CURRENT ECONOMIC
SHORTCOINGS: ADJUST THE OFFICIAL EXCHANGE RATE; MAKE PROGESS ON
PRIVATIZATION; INCREASE ENERGY AND PARASTAAL TARIFFS; AND ALLOW
CONTINUED MARKET DETERMINAION OF PRICES ON BASICS AND ESSENTIAL
FOODSTUFFS

PRESSURES


--------------------------



-- WORK WITH KEY ALLIES -- INCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA -- AND REGIONAL
AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS TO INCREASE POLITICAL PRESSURE ON
THE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE.

-- WORK WITH KEY ALLIES TO IMPOSE OR THREATEN IMPOSITION OF TRAVEL
RESTRICTIONS FOR PRESIDENT MUGABE, KEY ADVISORS, AND OTHER SENIOR
OFFICIALS.

-- WORK WITH KEY ALLIES TO IDENTIFY ASSETS OF PRESIDENT MUGABE AND
KEY ADVISORS, AND FREEZE OR THREATEN TO FREEZE THEM.

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL PTQ6203

PAGE 01 HARARE 01257 03 OF 03 060925Z
ACTION AF-00

INFO LOG-00 NP-00 AID-00 ACQ-00 CIAE-00 INL-00 USNW-00
DODE-00 SRPP-00 DS-00 FBIE-00 VC-00 TEDE-00 INR-00
VCE-00 DCP-01 NSAE-00 IRM-00 SS-00 DSCC-00 DRL-02
NFAT-00 SAS-00 /003W


--------------------------

DC3FEE 060925Z /38
P 060927Z APR 01
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8600
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 03 HARARE 001257

SIPDIS

NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR JENDAYI FRAZER
LONDON FOR GURNEY
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS
NAIROBI FOR PFLAUMER
USAID FOR AA/AFR, VDICKSON-HORTON, AFR/SA, CPALMA

E.O. 12958: DECL. 04/06/11
TAGS: PREL PGOV KDEM PINS ZI
SUBJECT: ROAD MAP FOR IMPROVING ZIMBABWE-U.S. RELATIONSHIP

-- REVOKE VISAS OF CHILDREN OF SENIOR GOZ OFFICIALS STUDYING IN U.S.

-- PRESS FOR INCREASED SCRUTINY OF ZIMBABWE'S HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION
CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 02 HARARE 01257 03 OF 03 060925Z
BY THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION.

-- FINANCE INDEPENDENT RADIO STATION (OR TARGETTED VOA SERVICE TO
ZIMBABWE). GIVEN THE RECENT PASSAGE OF A LAW WHICH EFFECTIVELY
MAKES IT IMPOSSIBLE FOR INDEPENDENT RADIO BROADCASTERS TO SECURE
A LICENSE, THE TRANSMITTER WOULD HAVE TO BE LOCATED OUTSIDE
ZIMBABWE'S BORDERS.

-- PROVIDE DIRECT FUNDING TO THE OPPOSITION MOVEMENT FOR DEMOCRATIC
CHANGE (MDC).

-- WITHHOLD INVITATIONS TO MEMBERS OF ZIMBABWE DEFENSE FORCES (ZDF)
TO PARTICIPATE IN CONTINENT-WIDE GATHERINGS, INCLUDING THOSE
SPONSORED BY THE AFRICAN CENTER FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES.

-- WITHHOLD DELIVERY OF BIO-DIVERSITY EQUIPMENT TO THE ZDF.

INCENTIVES


--------------------------



-- PROVIDE SUBSTANTIAL FUNDS FOR LAND ACQUISITION AND RESETTLEMENT.

-- SUPPORT PROVISION OF DEBT RELIEF IN THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS.

-- SUPPORT PROVISION OF WORLD BANK AND IMF ASSISTANCE TO ZIMBABWE.

-- EXPAND DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE ACTIVITY AND FUNDING LEVELS.

-- RECONSIDER ZIMBABWE'S ELIGIBILITY FOR INCLUSION IN AGOA.

CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 03 HARARE 01257 03 OF 03 060925Z
-- RESTORE FUNDING FOR IMET AND SCHEDULE A JOINT COMBINED EXERCISE
TRAINING (JCET).

-- EXTEND INVITATIONS TO POLICE OFFICIALS TO PARTICIPATE IN U.S.-
SPONSORED TRAINING SESSIONS AT THE INTERNATIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT
ACADEMY IN BOTSWANA AND RELEVANT U.S.-SPONSORED CONFERENCES.

IRVING

CONFIDENTIAL

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